Rabbits are mammals, the hare family. Their cubs will be born naked and blind, so they need protection. The size of adult rabbits reaches 0.5 m, weight – 2 kg, and they live up to 10 years. These group animals, they are able to communicate, for example, to warn other "eared" about imminent danger, for which they strongly bang their powerful paws.
Rabbits have long been tamed by man and are bred in large quantities. The main products of the rabbit breeding are, of course, meat, down and rabbit skins, which are recognized as very valuable raw materials. Down of animals is also appreciated because it has a high thermal conductivity, which allows it to be used for the production of fabrics such as velor and felt. In our country, rabbit breeding has become widespread since 1925. At the same time, their individual breeding became widespread. For what actually become needed individual cells for breeding rabbits.
Since then, rabbit breeding has been actively developing as a branch of the economy in such countries as Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy (production leader), Poland, the USA, and France.
The basis of rabbit breeding. accommodation of rabbits in special cages. The most popular cages for rabbits are single-tier structures, developed at the Research Institute of Fur Breeding and Rabbit Breeding.
If you are thinking about how to make cages for rabbits with your own hands, then such constructions designed for two animals are arranged very simply. Their dimensions are as follows: the height of the rear wall is 0.35 m, the front is from 0.5 to 0.6 m, the length of the structure is 2 m 20 cm or 2 m 40 cm with a width of 0.65 m. The roof canopy is 0.2 m, and side slopes of 0.1 m. In total for the manufacture of such a house will need 1/5 cubic meters. m boards, grid with a cell of 0.18 to 0.18 m 4/3 square meters. m, as well as a cell of 0.35 to 0, 35 3 and 5 square meters. m. respectively.
Distribution of rooms inside the cage: 2 nesting rooms are located on the sides, on the remaining area they perform 2 forage rooms. The floor for the nest is made of boards, for the feeder – of the grid, the recommended cell size is 0.18 m by 0.18 m.
The premises are separated by a special partition with a hole 0.2 m high, 0.17 m wide, it is raised 0.15 m from the floor to avoid cases of litter getting into the feeder. The doors of the cage are arranged from the facade, the material of the doors is the grid for the feeders and the boards for the nest.
In the nest, the doors are supplied with a feeding trough and a drinking bowl, removable if necessary. In addition, such a cage includes a nursery designed to contain roughage. A manger is placed between the feeders. Nurseries made of wooden frames, wired with a grid with a cell of 0.2 m by 0.5 m, will be optimal. The form of the nursery is V-shaped: the ends of the frame are spread apart from above and aligned at the bottom.
In general, the material for rabbit cells is used by anyone that comes to hand. Prerequisite: convenience. It should be convenient to animals, it should also be convenient for you to feed them, inspect them, clean the room in a timely manner. It is also important to keep the area normal – an animal: an adult animal should be kept on an area of at least 1/2 square meter. m, young 1/10 square. m, the males are satisfied with an area of a third square. m
In order for animals to feel good, not to hurt, you need to choose the right place for their home. Where to put a cage with a rabbit? Rabbits are very sensitive to drafts, so their house is located in a protected place, next to the trees.
In the summer, the trees will help create a shadow, covering it from the sun. In addition, the cage must be set, lifting 1 m above the surface to protect animals from excessive moisture, and dry places are selected for the same purpose. Depending on the place of residence, it is placed either indoors or directly on the street. Street houses should be protected from rain, snow, frost. But the dwellings of animals in the premises should be provided with air through an additional window or ventilation.
Other rabbit cell types
Cages for adults. Can be not only double, but also individual. To this type of building you can add specialized enclosures intended for walking an animal.
Cages for young. It is recommended to arrange a group type.
Mini farm for rabbits with their own hands. Shed – these are cells made up to one another by side walls, all facing in one direction. Shed is made in the form of a frame building, a shed. The frame of the shed can be wooden, reinforced concrete or metal. Shed is the easiest system to maintain due to its structure.
The sizes of rabbit cells are most often standard.
The cage in two individuals has a rear wall height of 0.75, the front one is 0.6 m, the width is 1.7 m and the aviary is up to 2 m. The manhole size from the main room to the paddock is 0.2 to 0.17 m.
Cage for young stock is often designed for a group of animals. Its dimensions: rear wall height – 0.4, front – 0.5 m, cage width up to 1 m, length up to 4 m. The roof is installed with a visor up to 1/3 m. The front door must be supplied with a feeding trough, water bowl, and nursery.
The uterine cage is sized 0.4 by 0.7 by 0.6 m, and the bright room is 0.6 by 0.7 by 0.6 m. The manger, grass feeders and compound feed and drinking trough are part of the bright room. A grate made of laths or a grid with a height of up to 0.15 m is attached above the floor. Such a grate is designed to make the contents of the room clean, since manure in this case will accumulate under the grate. Cleaning such a home does not injure the cubs. In a dark room, the grate should lie 0.05 m lower than in a light one. In such a cage is good to arrange a place for the rest of the rabbit. In order not to increase the space, you can build a wide cover for the feeder, on it a bunny can lie down.
About how to properly equip the rabbit’s cage, has already been written on the site, but once again we are talking about them, I repeat a little. Its floor is recommended to arrange the boardwalk. But it is not always possible to equip such a cage, so for the summer period the floor can be left netted and only for the cold season or around the wall to be covered with a board. The mesh floor is made of a mesh with a cell of 0.18 by 0.18 m. If a cell stands indoors, for example, it takes a shed, then the floor may be mesh throughout the year, but you should warm the floor of the building itself. It must be protected from drafts, do not have gaps.
The floor of any house is recommended to perform inclined towards the door, then cleaning will be facilitated.
Its roof should also be made one-sided in order to be able to use the surface. The purpose of such a roof is primarily in the drying of grass.
Doors of cells perform double. Such a device allows in the warm season to provide the animal with additional ventilation, closing only the outer, mesh door. The internal, plank door keeps open, and closes in winter.
Aviaries are mandatory for cells, as they increase its space. Larger enclosures are adjacent to the premises for the young, which allows for quick and high-quality cleaning.
If the farm is large, there are a lot of rabbits, then it is worth thinking about the device of a multi-tiered room. The advantage of this structure is the breeding of animals in a smaller area, but in compliance with all necessary conditions and standards. The lack of such cells is the potential leakage of the roof of the lower tier. To eliminate the disadvantage, the floor of the upper tier is moisture-proof.
Tips for a beginner rabbit grower
At the approach to the barn or cage lay a hole, provide it with a lid. This pit is convenient to use for the disposal of manure when cleaning houses. To increase the convenience of its use, place the second door directly in the shed or under the cage.
Determine the place to store food (hay and brooms) and storage of necessary equipment.
Attach a summer walking walk made of a grid to a warm, southern wall. It is optimal for walking the grown young.
It is more convenient to carry out feeding of rabbits with coarse feed with the help of external mangeries taken outside the cage.
For the convenience of watering animals, use automatic drinkers.
Well, briefly about how to build cages for rabbits.
Creating cages for rabbits at the present time, when construction materials are becoming more and more, is a creative rather than time-consuming task. It can be constructed from a variety of materials, so the best choice for any owner at this time. local stuff. For example, in the southern regions of the country, houses made of adobe are most prevalent. North of the houses are built of sawmill material: boards or logs. In the coldest parts of the country, cells are always built into the shed.