Many novice farmers are wondering: how to start breeding rabbits. This activity will not require any special expenses. First of all, it is necessary to arrange a place of residence for eared animals, to prepare cages, drinkers, feeders. All this can be easily done by hand. The main thing is to choose a suitable construction and size for the cage, to prepare drawings, necessary tools and building materials.
Required materials and cage design
First you need to decide on the size. The most common are double structures with two separate sections. There are other types of cells: single-section, group for young rabbits, into three sections or for a rabbit with babies. There are copyright designs: from farmer Zolotukhin, from the breeder Tsvetkov. Based on what will be built, and materials are selected.
First of all, it is necessary to determine the type of cell, and then procure the material.
Necessary tools for construction:
Any design implies the presence of the frame, walls, floor, ceiling and doors. Most often for the construction of cells used wood and metal mesh. Each cell of such a grid should be no more than 2 * 2 cm and a minimum of 16 * 47 mm in diameter (depending on the age and weight of the rabbits).
The minimum set of materials includes:
- large sheets of plywood;
- screws and nails;
- durable galvanized mesh (with small cells).
For the manufacture of the door, they additionally acquire curtains and latches, as well as feeders and drinkers.
The tree must be well sanded and sanded; the ends of the net must be securely fastened. Be sure to remove all sharp edges so that the animal does not hurt. All protruding wooden parts inside the cage is better upholstered with tin. Rabbits love to gnaw wood to grind teeth. Therefore, it is necessary to often place them in the trough of the sprig. The walls and roof can be made of plywood and mesh, and for the main frame choose thick bars of wood.
Attention. If the cell is located in the open space, on the street, then good roofing materials are indispensable. But the metal roof is not worth doing. In summer, it will heat up in the sun, which will lead to thermal shock in rabbits.
Most often, cages for rabbits are made of wood and mesh.
The frame is made of thick bars, the length of which depends on the location of the cell. If it is installed on the street, then the length of the legs of the frame should not be less than 80-100 cm. For a cage standing in a room, 35-40 cm in length is sufficient.
Sizes and types of cells
First of all, it is necessary to find or make independently, the correct drawing. It is important to remember that one cage for breeding rabbits is not enough. You need to build three or four at once.
The average size of a standard cell is:
- length is 120-140 cm;
- width 70-80 cm;
- height is 40-50 cm.
For young rabbits, a length of about 90 cm is sufficient, and the remaining parameters may remain the same. At one adult animal decided to allocate at least 0.7 square meters. square meters for young stock – 0.2 square meters. m
There can be several types of cells:
- for young animals;
- for adult rabbits;
- for the rabbit with litter;
- for giant rabbits;
- solid wire;
- cells from Zolotukhin;
- cells from Tsvetkov;
Rabbits with kids decided to keep together, and for already grown up rabbits build a separate house.
A standard two-story house for adult rabbits is easy to build.
In the drawing, it will look like this:
Drawing bunk cage for rabbits.
Cage for young
The grown-up rabbits, weaned, are kept together in groups of 10-20 individuals. In the manufacture of cells are guided by the minimum size: a total area of 300 × 100 cm and a ceiling height of 50-60 cm. The floor in such a house should be made of thin wooden slats, covering them on the side with a metal grid (1.5 mm thick and 15 * 40 mm diameter cells) ). It is possible to install a fully mesh floor, but make a separate warm room for the rabbits. In winter, it is carefully warmed with hay and straw.
Important. One rabbit should have at least 0.2-0.3 square meters. m. square.
Some farmers do not make separate housing for their young, but settle them in cages intended for adult animals. At the same time, it is calculated how many rabbits can be placed in one cage to provide them with comfortable conditions.
For adult rabbits
For adult medium-sized animals, cages are about 70 cm deep, 60 cm high and at least one meter long. Here a block construction is used, and each block, in turn, is divided into two cells by a grid. For the mating period, the partition should be removed by combining the two sections into one.
For adult rabbits, you can make a block of cells in 2 or 3 tiers.
You can make a two-tier and three-tier cage. It will be a little more difficult, but it will save space on the site.
In any cell should be equipped with a separate place for sleeping, eating or walking. For this, the cage is divided by a plywood partition with a hole (20 × 20 cm) located at a height of 15 cm from the floor. The sleeping compartment should have a solid wooden door, and a place for food and walks should be mesh. Resting place does not have to do more. Ideal dimensions, approximately 30x60x50 cm.
House for the rabbit with litter
You can often hear the opinion that the rabbit with babies has a separate mother liquor only in winter, and in summer a regular cage is sufficient. But it must be remembered that in an open, fenced only with a grid room, the female will be nervous, anxious. This may adversely affect the health of the offspring. In the uterine house there must be a closed, warm place for the nest and a large space for walking, with a mesh front wall.
This is one of the most simple and functional house options for a female with offspring:
In the photo there is a bunk cage for rabbits with mounted nesting compartments.
The frame is made of strong bars, and the back wall and two side walls are made of plywood. The cage is immediately divided into two sections: a large one for walking and a small one for a nest. For each of them make separate doors (mesh and solid wood). Walls, floor and ceiling in the queen must be double, on the principle of a sandwich. Between them you can lay the foam or straw. The roof is covered with slate.
House for giant rabbits
Cages for these large animals should be significantly larger than normal ones. Adults can grow up to 60 cm in length and reach a weight of 7.5 kg.
There are a lot of giant breeds:
- German Riesen;
- blue vienna
The minimum house size for a rabbit should be:
- height is 55-65 cm;
- length 0.9-1.5 m;
- width 70-75 cm
If possible, the parameters of the home is better to increase.
For young rabbits, a special group cage is built, 40-50 cm in height and about 1.2 square meters in area. m. Given the rather large weight of animals, well strengthen the floor. It is also made of galvanized mesh, only thicker. So that such a floor does not sag, under it make a crate of bars located at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other.
It is recommended to keep giant rabbits in spacious cages with a solid floor.
Some rabbit breeders lay a solid wooden floor in the cages and install plastic pallets under it. But cleaning in such a cage will have to do at least twice a day.
Solid wire cage
This is the most budget option of rabbit housing, which can be installed both on the street and indoors. These lightweight and durable cells take up little space and are easy to clean and clean. To make them, you need two types of mesh: larger for walls and ceiling (diameter 2.5 * 5 cm) and smaller for the floor (1.5 * 5 cm). The frame is built of durable timber, with a length of legs of 50-70 cm. For the winter period, such a structure is placed in a warmed barn, and in the summer it is carried out onto the street.
Cages for rabbits from Zolotukhin
The famous breeder N. I. Zolotukhin developed his own, original, simple and inexpensive design of a dwelling for rabbits. In the cages you do not need to do daily cleaning, and the animals in them feel comfortable and less sick.
Zolotukhin’s cage is a three-story structure, with a sloping plywood floor. The grid is laid on the floor only in a small space at the back wall, without a pallet. The second tier is shifted relative to the first by the width of this grid. The third is also located. The front wall (common to all three floors) forms a slope. Each compartment is equipped with a tilting feeder.
It looks like a three-tier cell Zolotukhin behind.
For the construction of the cage, you will need: wood, straight sheet slate, metal mesh, polycarbonate and tin. Pre-made wooden frame, partitions and doors of the mother liquor. The grid is used for cage doors and the back of the floor. The floor itself is made of slate, and the back wall is made of polycarbonate. All wooden parts inside the cage are covered with tin.
- height 150 cm;
- width 200cm;
- depth about 70-80 cm;
- floor slope 6-8 cm;
- the width of the grid in front of the back wall is 15-20 cm;
- the size of doors is 40 * 40 cm.
Each floor is divided by a partition into two sections, and between them leave room for a sennik.
Cells from Tsvetkov
An experienced farmer A. A. Tsvetkov proposed the idea of a two-story mini-farm for rabbits, consisting of 4 separate sections. A distinctive feature of such cells are: two gravity feeders, two hinged queen cells, original ventilation systems and manure removal.
The frame is built from coniferous timber and must be painted with white nitro paint. For the manufacture of sennik suitable moisture resistant plywood, a minimum thickness of 8 mm. Inside, the sennik is upholstered with metal mesh, it also plays the role of a door in each section.
The photo shows a cage for rabbits, made according to the drawings of the farmer Tsvetkov.
All wooden parts are sheathed with sheet metal, the cone for collecting manure is covered with slate mastic. For the roof, you can use slate or roofing felt. The water in the drinkers is heated with a kettle.
Rabbit cells come in various designs and modifications. The simplest ones are small two-section options. There are ecological models based on the technology of redirecting airflow.
There are even real farms for Rabbit Rabbit, in which more than 25 individuals live and breed at the same time. On sale you can find a huge number of varieties of such cells. You can make "Rabbitaks" yourself. For a basis, you can take the drawings of the rabbit baker I. N. Mikhailov.
Cage Manufacturing Rules
In order for rabbits to be comfortable and comfortable in a new house, several simple rules must be observed during construction:
- all wooden protruding parts inside the cage are covered with tin;
- for the roof device is better to use slate;
- Do not use antiseptic, varnishes and impregnations;
- for the floor take the grid with cells with a diameter of from 1 * 2.5 cm to 2.5 * 2.5;
- the skeleton is built of durable wooden timber (not less than 5 * 5 cm);
- The back wall of the cage is made of plywood.
The floor in rabbit cages is made from wooden slats or from a grid.
Many breeders recommend laying a sheet of plywood on the floor. This will help the animals avoid dermatitis. The main thing is not to forget to regularly get it and dry it.
How to build a cage for rabbits
When a drawing is selected, materials and tools are prepared – you can proceed to construction. First you need to assemble the frame of the timber and lay the mesh floor. Under street conditions, the floor will have to be warmed up and make removable pallets under it (for cleaning).
Next, install the back wall of plywood. It should be below the front. Side walls are also desirable to make plywood. In the double cage in the middle equip sennik. A front wall can be made of mesh, with a door. If the cell is always on the street, then you should take care of the insulated sleep compartment. Slanted roof is covered with slate.
What we place inside the cell
The internal contents of the cell may vary. It depends on who will live in it. So, for a rabbit with babies it is necessary to arrange special queen cells and nesting compartments. For group keeping of young stock, warm nesting rooms will also be needed. Often they are equipped with special indoor enclosures for walks. In each cell must be bunker devices, drinkers, feeders, senni.
It is advisable to place the feeder and the drinker outside the cage so that the rabbit cannot bite them.
Choosing a place to install the cage
Before you begin construction, it is important to determine the placement of the cell. This should be a comfortable place protected from winds. You should not install a rabbit house on the south side, because in the summer the animals will suffer from the heat. It is necessary to strictly observe the size of the cage, depending on the breed and the number of rabbits. For convenience of cleaning, in cells make a removable roof.
If the animals live on the street all year round, the floor is better to be made of wood in the form of a retractable pallet. And already from above to fill an obreshetka from reek. Feeders and drinkers can be removable. The walls and the ceiling are insulated with foam plastic, and in the uterine compartment a heated floor is installed with heating.
We offer for viewing a video instruction that will help you build a cage for rabbits with your own hands.