Being engaged in animal breeding, farmers often face the problem of the occurrence of diseases, which can become difficult and difficult to eliminate. The most dangerous of them is myxomatosis, which affects the population of domestic rabbits.
In case of failure to take timely treatment measures, the ailment can affect almost all animals in the farm.
Danger and consequences of myxomatosis
Myxomatosis is a dangerous viral disease characterized by purulent conjunctivitis and the formation of tumors. The virus is classified as a deadly disease.
However, if you take timely measures to eliminate the symptoms that have appeared, you can save a large part of the raised population. An important role in the fight against myxomatosis is played by preventive measures, including disinfection by special means on all surfaces of rabbit cells.
Timely vaccination of rabbits is the key to preventing the negative effects of the disease. It makes sense to vaccinate only healthy rabbits, as it will simply not work on sick individuals.
The diseased crawl can be recognized by pronounced signs:
- swollen skin in the eye area;
- swelling of mucous tissues;
- copious purulent discharge through the nose;
- the appearance of bubbles throughout the body.
The incubation period of the disease is usually from five days to two weeks. It all depends on the strain.
An interesting feature of myxomatosis can be determined: the percentage of mortality among adult livestock is much higher than among young stock. Rabbits at the age of one to two months have every chance of a successful cure, and therefore, of survival. It is also worth noting that the younger kids suffer from the disease much less often.
Myxomatosis occurs in two forms:
Myxomatosis in the form of edema is the most rapid and heavily tolerated form in rabbits. In addition, the edematous form is practically not treatable. An individual suffering from a virus in a similar form refuses to eat food and practically does not show activity.
Signs of swollen myxomatosis are:
- the presence of watery cones throughout the body;
- characteristic wheezing when breathing;
- purulent discharge.
The death of such an animal occurs after 8-10 days. The bodies of dead animals should be burned, not subjected to standard burial in the ground and not used in meat production. If you identify a sick crawl, it should be immediately deposited from the other animals, and the room disinfected. It is necessary to conduct quarantine, as well as the associated vaccination of UHDB.
When determining the nodular type of myxomatosis, the chances of survival of individuals increase, since this form is considered the most easily tolerated. The percentage of surviving livestock is about 50% of all affected rabbits. The main symptoms of nodular myxomatosis are small bumps.
Such characteristic nodes are usually located on the ears and around the eyes. This type of illness is accompanied by manifestations of purulent conjunctivitis. Nodular myxomatosis lasts 1-1.5 months. With a properly planned approach to treatment, the sick rabbit recovers and survives. The only trace left after the illness is minor scars all over the crawl.
Basic measures for the disinfection of premises
Disinfection of cells for rabbits is the most important stage in the prevention of the disease and the elimination of its consequences. It is carried out twice a year, preferably in spring and autumn, when high humidity is characteristic. There are several main methods for disinfecting sheds in the rabbit.
In addition to seasonal activities, it is necessary to regularly clean the cells from food debris and manure. It is also necessary to change the litter and remove residual wool.
To implement measures for disinfecting sheds, you should use special-purpose equipment, namely, hard brushes, metal scrapers, brooms and brooms.
The scheme of cleaning the cage of rabbits includes:
- Cleaning the floor grate from contamination with a metal scraper.
- Cleaning up food and wool residues with a broom or broom.
- Temporary removal of all drinkers and feeders from the sheds.
It is possible to disinfect a room only after complete removal of all contaminants and release of the sheds from the objects contained in them. On how to handle the surface, farmers recommend the following methods:
- Fiery flame processing.
- Disinfect surfaces with special chemical solutions.
For the fiery technique, tools such as a conventional household soldering iron or gas burners are used. Exposure to fire can clean the cleaned floors and walls of the cells until the formation of a light brown deposit on the scorched surfaces. Thus, it is not necessary to process objects from metal, ceramics and glass. It is better to subject such elements to boiling and thorough washing.
The chemical method of eliminating the effects of myxomatosis is based on the use of modern drugs, such as:
- Coal Bisphenol.
- Iodine spray PVP.
Among farmers, the method of using common bleach is also popular. The powder is diluted in water in order to obtain a solution of 10%. For breeding it is better to use a conventional galvanized bucket. Apply the mixture should be a wide brush, carefully treating all surfaces in the sheds.
To eliminate the residual effects of the virus on feeders, drinking bowls and equipment, it is necessary to wash the objects in the ash liquor solution. This procedure will allow you to completely get rid of pathogenic microbes, but it absolutely does not harm the newly populated rabbits.
To prepare an effective and safe solution, you should use a proven recipe:
- For 10 liters of water – 2-3 kg of ash from natural wood.
- The mixture is boiled on the fire for half an hour.
- The composition is filtered through a triple layer of gauze.
- The purified composition is again brought to a boil.
For any disinfecting procedures, it is recommended to process not only the internal, but also the external elements of the rabbit cage. Exterior disinfection works imply the coating of all the rabbit’s walls with hydrated lime.
The disinfection of rabbit cells is carried out until the landing of a new brood or acquired rabbits.
Such measures need to be implemented not only to remove the effects of myxomatosis, but also as a prophylactic before populating new individuals.
Do not forget that many bacteria and infections retain their viability for several days, even after the eviction of animals. Radical disinfection measures on the premises are considered to use a hot solution of sodium hydroxide and a composition based on formalin.
The best option is vaccination of all individuals in the livestock and compliance with the conditions of quarantine, which is removed from the premises after 15 days. During this time, you should get rid of the heads that are not treatable, dispose of the dead rabbits and carry out final veterinary and sanitary measures. Settling of animals into cages is recommended only after 2 months.