The rabbitks have a wide distribution among owners of country sites. Rabbit breeding is popular for its profitability and economy. For the maintenance of furry animals, you can organize a large farm and dilute several dozen individuals, or you can limit yourself to a small structure by building a barn for rabbits with your own hands.
Rabbit makers are widespread among owners of country plots
What is rabbitry
The rabbitry (rabbit) is a separate room, which provides a full cycle of breeding and breeding rabbits. In general, rabbits are quite unpretentious and prolific animals, which are sufficient to provide adequate nutrition, lack of drafts and warm in the winter season. The construction of rabbitries is considered one of the easiest ways to breed these animals.
The size of the rabbitcher depends on the number of individuals. For the test, 1 rabbit with litter is sufficient. In this case, for their maintenance, a small barn and 2-3 cages are built into which the animals will be deposited as they mature. For uninterrupted meat supply, 18-25 rabbits of different ages and both sexes are purchased.
Breeding rabbits requires, above all, a rich diet. The animals do not eat everything and often spoil the feed by mixing them with dirt and waste products. Rabbits are eaten often and in large quantities (up to 25-28 times per day), which requires constant replenishment of the feeder. At the same time, optimal fattening is provided not only by grass, but by vitaminized granulated feed.
The rabbitry (rabbit) is a separate room, which provides a full cycle of breeding and breeding rabbits
Reproduction occurs, as a rule, rather quickly. One male producer is provided for several females, but it is recommended to change it in 6-7 months. Built rabbitrels should be equipped with ventilation that does not cause drafts. Clean air must flow continuously, because the animals are adversely affected by the content of ammonia in the air. Unacceptable for rabbits and high humidity. The optimal is 55-65%. Do not allow condensation to form on the walls. Air temperature should not be lower than + 5 … + 7 ° C. They do not like rabbits and noise: they are very shy, and loud sounds can disturb their nervous system.
Build an rabbit with his own hands (video)
What cells do
Cages for rabbits with their own hands are made for individuals (individual) and group content. Individual cells target males and main adult females. Group dwellings are mainly used for keeping young stock. At the same time, their size is chosen with such an account: the usual fry – 0.13 m² per 1 animal and 0.16-0.18 m² for each rabbit in the repair category. Cellular equipment can be installed in closed sheds (farms) or under a shed – in a state elevated above the ground (not less than 75 cm) in the warm season.
The main types of rabbit cells:
- Group cells for young animals. They are inhabited by rabbits, in which maternal feeding is completed, but not older than 1.5-2 months. Typical sizes of such dwellings are: length 2.-2.8 m, width – 0.9-1 m, height – 40-55 cm.
- Cage for young rabbits. For animals at the age of 2.5-3.5 months, a cage for 2-4 individuals is suitable. Standard width – 1.1-1.2 m, height – 38-45 cm.
- Longline shed. In order to save space in the rabbit, the cages are often set in 2-3 tiers.
- The mother cell. When an offspring appears, there is a risk of the rabbit being eaten by the mother. The rabbit should be transplanted into an individual cage, where babies are started only during feeding. The mother liquor must have an area of at least 0.55-0.65 m².
- Double cages for adult rabbits. Such housing is often made of mesh.
- Nest box for newborns baby rabbits. Common sizes: length 34-36 cm, width – 24-27 cm, height – 28-32 cm.
- Two-section cage. The standard size is (1.25-1.35) x (0.6-0.65) cm.
Cellular facilities must be placed on the site. The type and size of the structure depends on the number of rabbits. Capital buildings in the form of a farm are built when hundreds of animals are kept. Most often, amateur rabbit breeding involves the construction of light structures.
If the site is located in a fairly cold region, and it is necessary to keep animals all year round, then you will have to build a bunny shed. First of all, drawings of such a structure are being developed. As a rule, this is a small house that can be built from wood, blocks, bricks. Most often winter sheds have a frame construction of a wooden bar, sheathed with a board.
Inside the rabbit cage is installed (usually in 2-3 tiers) and provides hozblok storage of feed.
The shed for rabbits is considered a light construction, and therefore does not require a deep and powerful foundation. The base of the column type is quite enough. It is important to provide a dry floor, for which the floor covering rises above the ground by 40-60 cm. The frame of the shed is erected from a wooden bar. It is better to make the roof leaning, and it can be done so that a platform for hay drying is created. Rabbits do not like drafts. To exclude them, the doors are installed tightly, as a rule, double (1 casement of wood with a tight fit of the boards, and the 2nd part – in the form of a metal grid). On the south side should provide a platform for walking the young. You also need a place to store manure.
Advantages of Sheds
The most popular way to solve the problem, how to build a rabbit with his own hands, is to organize shedding. Typical shed is a light construction with a canopy, but without walls. Under a canopy in 2-3 tiers, cages with rabbits are installed. With a large herd, the cages are arranged in 2 rows with a passage between them.
The construction of the rabbit type shed rabbit begins with site preparation. The plot is leveled and compacted. It is best to make a concrete platform for the possibility of unimpeded maintenance at any time of the year. Next to the prepared area are established cells in 2 tiers and 2 rows. Almost half of the cages are provided for females, and the rest for males and young. The passage between the rows – 1.6-2.2 m.
You can make a rabbitry with your own hands, without collecting a shed from individual cells, but by erecting a common frame with cells for rabbits. The framework can be built from a wooden bar or a steel corner.
The back wall is sheathed with boards, and all other sides can be made of metal mesh. It is important to eliminate the flow of sewage from the upper tier to the lower. For this, the floor must have a waterproofing.
The first tier rises above the ground to a height of 60-80 cm. A drinking trough and a feeder should be provided in each cage. A shed, sheet metal or plastic canopy is installed over the entire structure. The main thing that such a roof reliably protected the animals from the weather. To protect against drafts and cold, the shed is covered with a film.
Organization of a small rabbitry
The structure of the rabbitry with the maintenance of a small number of rabbits does not require large buildings. There are various projects for maintaining such an economy. In principle, it is a small shed.
The construction is based on a frame made of 5×5 cm timber, but it is better to reinforce the corner elements with a steel angle of about 4×4 cm. The frame is sheathed with a board or batten. A metal grid with a cell of 20×20 mm is installed on the front side (the best option is a galvanized steel chain-link). Shed roof is performed with a slope – using a waterproofing layer. Between the sections is equipped with a special cell – sennik. It is made of mesh with a cell of 5×5 cm, so that the rabbit can get hay. An important condition: to eliminate drafts, the back wall is made deaf and sheathed with plywood or OSB.
Do-It-Yourself Rabbit Rabbit (video)
Separate cages for rabbits can be purchased ready-made or made by hand. The most suitable material for it is a metal mesh with a cell of no more than 20×20 mm and a wooden lath. The fabrication involves forming a framework from a wooden bar or steel corner. Responsible element is the floor in the cell. When installed on the street floor is double. The upper flooring should have gaps to remove sewage, and a pallet should be installed to collect them under the flooring.
When building a cage, you should consider the recommendations:
- Flooring can be done continuous only if the cell is constantly cleaned. Mesh floor can be used, but the cell should not allow the animal’s foot to fall through. Metal on the floor should be safely covered with litter, especially in winter.
- The door in the cage should be made with regard to the growth of the rabbit, i.e., allow it to be freely pulled out.
- The cage should contain legs of at least 30-40 cm. This allows you to install it on any platform and freely carry.
- The cage should be spacious enough.
In the manufacture of rabbit with their own hands will need the following tool: welding machine, circular saw, Bulgarian, electric drill, screwdriver, chisel, ax, hammer, pliers, regular hacksaw and metal, chisel, file, plane, knife, scissors, plumb, construction level, metal line, tape measure.
Private rabbit breeding is quite a popular hobby and business. For the maintenance of animals requires rabbitry, which can be done by hand. The size and type of structure depends on the number of rabbits.