Every experienced breeder knows about the tendency of rabbits to infectious diseases. Viruses and bacteria that infect livestock are often the cause of massive mortality. Therefore, the issue of disinfection of animal cells is one of the most important in the subject of maintenance and cultivation. It is particularly acute after identifying the source of the infection: in this case, measures should be taken to disinfect the premises as soon as possible.
Rabbit in a cage
Why do you need disinfection?
Pathogens, which include viruses and bacteria, are very tenacious. Some of them retain virulence for months and even years. Treatment of animal cells with special chemical solutions or high temperature is the only way to get rid of a possible source of damage. Each farm is obliged to disinfect the locations of rabbits, feeders, drinkers, auxiliary equipment 1 time in 6 months. Optimally, if the timing of disinfection will fall on the off-season.
Additional disinfection must be carried out in the following cases:
- when transplanting young rabbits into common cells;
- before okolom;
- after the quarantine of new rabbits in the livestock;
- after animal diseases.
Important! In order to disinfect the cells of rabbits, the animals are necessarily deposited. Back animals return only after a long airing of the room.
For disinfection with the help of special preparations it is convenient to use a spray bottle. You can also use a regular brush or rag. After the exposure time of the chemical, according to the instructions, its remains are washed off with water, and the cells are wiped with a dry cloth.
Special preparations for processing
Preparations for the treatment of cells can be purchased at any veterinary pharmacy. The most effective and common ones are:
- "Bromosept-50". Disinfecting drug, which belongs to the category of low-toxic. It effectively acts on pathogens even in low concentrations. It can be used at any ambient temperature. "Bromosept-50" does not cause allergies in humans and animals, does not damage the surface to be treated. For prophylactic purposes, the rabbit cells are washed with a solution of 0.05%, for which 1 ml of the substance is dissolved in 2 liters of water. During disinfection after mortality, the concentration of the drug is increased. The exposure time is from 3 to 6 hours.
- "Virosan". Affects viruses, fungus, coccidia and bacteria. The drug is applied to the surface of cells and do not wash off. The advantage of the drug – a long duration.
- "Ecocide C". The drug is in powder form, it belongs to the moderately dangerous group. For processing cells using an aqueous solution prepared in a proportion of 50 grams to 5 liters of water. It is necessary to wash off the drug within 1 hour after application.
- "Xylonapt". Special oily substance with pronounced disinfectant properties. When carrying out a planned treatment, use a 2-3% solution of the drug, and after the disease is detected, the cells are treated with a 5% solution with a temperature of at least 70 degrees.
- Creolin besfenolny. Thick liquid dark brown. It is used to destroy Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. To do this, 0.5 liters of emulsion 3.5% is used per 1 sq.m. The exposure time is 3 hours, after which the cells are washed with water.
For disinfection of cells in which they place pets grown for decorative purposes at home or in an apartment, they use the drug "Loyal Friend" based on triclosan. With it, you can treat the cells of rabbits for disinfection, effectively remove dirt and odors. Does not require rinsing.
Widely used chemicals can be used to disinfect cells:
- Ash liquor. To prepare a disinfectant solution, wood ash is added to the water in a ratio of 1: 3, after which the whole mass is boiled for 30 minutes. When processing such a solution, rabbits can not be removed from the cage. Inventory is disinfected by full immersion in the solution.
- Bleaching powder. The solution is obtained by mixing 1-2 kg of bleach and 1 liter of water. After the chlorine dissolves, the volume of the mixture is adjusted to 10 liters, settled overnight and filtered.
- Formaldehyde. For disinfection used 1-4% solution. When using an aerosol method of application you can apply a concentration of 30-40%. The exposure time of the substance is 6 hours using 10 ml of formaldehyde per 1 cubic meter. and 24 hours when using 20 ml of the preparation for disinfecting such a volume. The remains of substance are washed away with ammonia solution.
- White. The cells are washed with an aqueous solution of 1:10.
- Lump lime. Before use, it is extinguished: 1 kg of the substance is thoroughly stirred in 1 liter of water. In the received pushonov add 9 more liters. Such a solution must be applied no later than 6 hours after preparation, while it retains its disinfecting properties.
- Chloramine. White powder, which before use must be dissolved in heated water. The finished solution can be stored for up to 2 weeks. After applying on the surface of the cells they should be washed with water.
In addition to the above substances, normal iodine is used for disinfecting cells at a dosage of 25 ml of 5% iodine per liter of water, formalin 2%, caustic soda 3%, sodium hydroxide, heated not less than 70 degrees. In order to eliminate the negative effects of alkalis and acids on metal surfaces, it is recommended to add sodium metasilicate 21% to the disinfection solution.
High temperature disinfection is a simple, inexpensive and effective way to prevent disease. To do this, you can use a regular blowtorch or a gas torch. Pre-cell surface is cleaned and wiped.
Important! When treating wooden cells with fire, the duration of exposure to heat should not exceed several minutes. As soon as the tree begins to acquire a brown shade, the procedure is terminated.
The construction of glass, metal and ceramics is not subject to burning by fire. Such elements are recommended to be disinfected by boiling. Before burning, flammable objects are removed from the room, and the work is carried out in compliance with fire safety requirements.
Disinfection after a case of illness
Disinfection of cells for rabbits after identifying foci of infection in the premises or in the region is carried out in order to reduce the likelihood of disease. To do this, the cells are washed with a solution of soda ash 2% temperature of at least 90 ° C. After that use a disinfectant that acts on a specific pathogen. A complex treatment is surely carried out: the prepared solution is applied not only to the cells, but also to the surface of the room where the animals are kept. Also processing is subject to all used inventory.
Reference! In cases of quarantine in the area where the household is located, disinfection should be carried out every 10 days.
The choice of disinfectant depends on the type of disease:
- Salmonellosis. The solution is prepared from chloramine 3%, xylonaph 2.5%, sodium hydroxide 2.4% and used at the rate of 1 liter per 1 sq. M. surface.
- Staphylococcosis. For the prevention of this disease using formaldehyde 4% or its aqueous solution. The room is treated with an aerosol method using formaldehyde 20%.
- Pasteurellosis. For the preparation of an antiseptic, formalin 1%, sodium hydroxide 2%, phenol 3% and lysol 3% are used. Inventory is treated with boiling water without the use of chemicals.
- Listeriosis For disinfection after detection of this disease, soda ash is used in a hot solution at a concentration of 16% or 5% xylon naphtha. For aerosol disinfection, 20% formaldehyde can be used.
- Ringworm. The treatment is carried out twice with a break of 24 hours. Prepare a warm solution of formaldehyde 2% and sodium hydroxide 1% or sodium phenolate 12% mixed with caustic soda 1%.
After death from myxomatosis and HBV, when 70% to 100% of the livestock die, small inventory, feed debris, bedding and troughs should be burned. Cells of dead animals are pre-cleaned with 2% caustic soda. After that, all surfaces are washed with a disinfectant solution:
- bleach in a concentration of 10-20%;
- formalin / formaldehyde at a concentration of 1%;
- Lysol 6%;
- chloramine 5%.
Disinfection of rabbit cells is performed in 2-3 steps. After the last treatment, the exposure time should be 3 hours. After 2 weeks, when it is planned to colonize new animals, the inventory and cages are disinfected again.
Planned processing of cages is an important event for growing healthy, numerous livestock. It is carried out 2 times a year with a preliminary mechanical cleansing of the cells. It is also important to carry out repeated disinfection after deaths, which will allow you to avoid the mass spread of infection and protect new animals that will be raised in existing cages.