Domestic rabbits, which are grown in farms and private farms, do not require heavy care and are a profitable business. But only until the death occurs, which takes the lion’s share of the young and can hit even adults. Rabbits are vulnerable to any diseases, whether they are infections and viruses, or fungi or other misfortunes. Regular disinfection of rabbit cages is a vital procedure that will help keep livestock intact and in good health.
Rabbit cell disinfection
What are dangerous infections and viruses?
Their main danger lies in the amazing vitality and ability to rapidly multiply in a favorable environment. They seize new spaces, multiply and infect every new generation of rabbits, which are displayed in infected cells.
Timely disinfection will help protect the livestock of rabbits from diseases.
It is not easy to get rid of the microbes living on the cell walls in the litter, on the surface of the nets. They are resistant to "water procedures", to elevated or low temperatures, quickly get used to chemical compounds and do not react to them.
Pathogenic microbes can live and multiply for a long time inside the cells and on their external surfaces, on the inventory, on the feeders, drinkers, in the litter, on the floor, on the instruments, in short, everywhere. And everywhere they represent a danger to the inhabitants of the cells, both old and new.
Microbes are a danger to rabbits.
Disinfection – panacea
All livestock breeders and experts are unanimous in their opinion that the most effective way to rid the livestock of animals from possible deadly diseases is to clean the cells, but not just to maintain hygiene, but in combination with disinfection carried out with the help of special means or special methods.
On livestock farms and in large farms, where they are professionally and scientifically suitable for raising rabbits, disinfection must be carried out at least twice a year.
Disinfection on large farms is carried out at least twice a year.
These are planned procedures, not counting emergency cases that require unplanned disinfection and the following measures:
- transplantation of young stock in common cells;
- preparation of cells for okrol;
- livestock-borne diseases.
The cells are disinfected before transplanting the young
In any treatment, planned or unscheduled, not only animal cells from the inside, outside, on all planes, but also the entire inventory with which care is carried out are subject to disinfection. It is also necessary to disinfect the premises themselves (walls, floor, ceiling), where there are always cages with rabbits.
It is necessary to disinfect not only cells, but also walls, inventory
Before the procedure
In the photo are cages for rabbits
Any disinfecting procedures are preceded by cleaning. First you need to thoroughly clean the cells from the litter, get rid of litter debris, remove debris and clean the dirt. All surfaces must be clean. So you can remove about 40% of microbes. With the rest will have to cope with more serious methods.
For the cleaning procedure will need the following inventory:
- garbage bags;
- hose with water;
- cleansing drug;
Cell cleaning: step by step instructions
Step 1. Remove the animals from their cages and move them to temporary care.
Step 2. Put on gloves. Remove from the rabbit cage absolutely all objects that are not bolted to the walls, ceiling or floor.
Step 3. Dispose of the litter by wrapping it in a tight trash bag for recycling. Use a scraper, dustpan, broom or brush.
From the cells you need to sweep away all the old litter
Step 4. Check the integrity of the cage, carefully inspect it for damage or damage.
Step 5. Well, with a strong stream of water from the hose, preferably hot, rinse the surface weight, trying to remove as much dirt as possible.
Step 6. Take a brush with a stiff bristle or a hard washcloth and try to wipe off the remaining dirt. Wash everything off with water.
Step 7. Using a spray bottle, spray the surfaces with the detergent you have chosen to clean. Scrub again with a brush or washcloth and rinse off completely.
Step 8. Dry the cage well, preferably in the open sun.
Cells after processing need to be dried
Step 9. Wash and clean the drinkers, feeders, as well as all used equipment.
Step 10. Flush away dirt and dust from the ceiling, walls and floor in the room where the cells are usually installed.
After the rabbit dwelling is cleaned and dried, you can proceed to the procedure of disinfection, but first you need to choose the means to be used.
Most popular tools:
Disinfection can be carried out by one of five methods.
Cell firing (disinfection)
All three methods help to get rid of the maximum number of germs, but to carry out disinfection one hundred percent, it is better to use a combination of at least two of them. The best effect is firing plus chlorination.
Let us dwell on the method of processing fire, because it is the least expensive and time consuming, and at the same time the most affordable and effective. No germs will resist the power of fire, and all the larvae, embryos, fungi and any pathogens will die in the flame. After disinfection with fire, it is not necessary to rinse the chemical solution off the surfaces and then dry the cage.
Burning the cells with a blowtorch – step by step recommendations
Step 1. Prepare and refill the blowtorch.
Step 2. From the cells and the entire surrounding area, remove absolutely all objects that can easily ignite.
Step 3. Direct the stream of fire on the previously mechanically cleaned and dried surfaces and act on it for about two minutes each time, trying to ensure that the flame spreads over the surface evenly.
Burning rabbit cells
It is necessary to process all surfaces well.
Step 4. Allow to cool, put in the disinfected room, put bedding and occupy healthy tenants.
You can settle rabbits
Cleaning with “Karcher”
In fact, “Karcher” is not a special device for cleaning rabbit cages. This is the name of the German company that presented the world with a portable high-pressure cleaning apparatus that can be used in everyday life. He was invented for cleaning carpets and furniture, car interiors. But the rabbit breeders and bird breeders have come up with another use for the "Karcher".
High pressure washer Karcher
The device perfectly cleans and disinfects the homes of pets not at the expense of high water consumption (the car is economical, it consumes only 10 liters per minute), but at the expense of high pressure. Under pressure, hot steam removes virtually all harmful microorganisms from cell surfaces. Works "Kärcher" from a voltage source of 220 volts. This disinfection method has only one drawback – the price of the device, which can be about $ 500. But if you breed rabbits, and you have "Karcher", that’s all you need to disinfect the cells.
Wash rabbit cages
Cleaning and disinfecting cells with water
After cleaning and drying the cells, you can run fluffy tenants
Other effective methods of disinfection
Popular treatments are available chemicals.
Leave for a quarter of an hour, ventilate, wash with a stream of water.
White (Javel, Domestos)
Disinfection by the rules
Home mini-farms do not often carry out decontamination according to sanitary standards adopted by the veterinary service; however, all breeders of animals and birds need to know these standards and try, if possible, to adhere to them.
Instructions for disinfecting rabbit cells
Before the disinfection procedure, mechanical cleaning of the cells used for the care of animals, equipment, premises, used equipment, tools and the entire surrounding area is carried out.
Rabbit cages after disinfection
According to the same instructions, the terms of disinfection are set as follows:
- feeders, drinkers, elevator trays for feeding feed – once every 7 days (for diseases – once every 5 days);
- equipment for care and hygiene – once in 14 days (for diseases – once in 5 days)
- cells according to plan – once in 6 months;
- cleaning the area around the rabbitreers once a month;
- room disinfection – once a year.
If a farm still has an infectious disease in animals, it is urgent to disinfect all contact dwellings and premises where they are located in order to prevent the spread of infection to all livestock. Also totally disinfect the entire farm is necessary after the incident of the case.