Having made the decision to breed rabbits at home, it is necessary to provide the animals with a comfortable stay inside the cages, as well as the safety of regular disinfection. In this way, it is possible to significantly reduce the incidence of the defeat of rabbits with various infections, from which they can get sick and die. Therefore, this issue should be given special attention.
The relevance of disinfection
Disinfection is an event involving the use of special substances that neutralize infections, viruses that can undermine the health of rabbits. Do not forget that the cell disinfection must be supported by disinfection of the room in which the structure is located, as well as the inventory that is present in it.
Timely disinfection of the cells in which rabbits are kept will reduce the frequency of their diseases. This procedure should be carried out no less than 2 times a year. More often, cells can be disinfected if it is planned to place young stock in them, or after transferring the disease to previous offspring.
You can process a cell in a variety of ways, which are used depending on the main purpose of this procedure.
How is the disinfection in the rabbit cage
The processing of the cell begins with the fact that all the filling is taken from it, it is thoroughly cleaned. At the time of disinfection, the construction for keeping rabbits must be completely empty and clean. Only then can it be treated with disinfectants.
To date, in the free market you can find a huge amount of disinfectants that effectively eliminate the bacteria that provoke many animal diseases. Among the variety of ready-made products, most livestock breeders resort to using Glutex, 5% alcohol solution of iodine, or Virkon S. The procedure will be no less effective if you replace these products with lime, treatment with whiteness solution or burning with fire.
Today, the treatment of structures with the help of fire is one of the most effective procedures for protecting rabbits from infections and viruses. In addition, the firing does not require much time, it is enough to prepare and clean the structure before carrying out such a procedure.
You should not worry if the cages for keeping rabbits were chosen not wood, but wooden. During the firing, the duration of which is only a few minutes, the design does not deteriorate, but the result will be effective and durable.
In many modern models of cages for rabbits there are elements made of glass or ceramics. It is undesirable to subject such constructions to treatment by fire, which can be replaced using boiling water. The use of boiling water will be no less effective than the fire.
Disinfection for prophylactic purposes
Preventive disinfection will help protect the rabbits from various diseases, the resistance of which increases every year. Moreover, prophylactic disinfection, compared with the treatment and care of animals that have suffered from infections, viruses, does not require significant time and financial costs.
Without fail, such a procedure should be carried out at least once a year in those structures where adult animals are staying. It is also not necessary to bypass the premises in which the cells are located, especially in those cases if these are rooms of a closed type. In the queen cells, it is necessary to carry out such a procedure 14 days before the upcoming roundabout and after the transfer of the young. Cages that contain small rabbits can be processed twice as often as those with adult animals.
Be sure to disinfect the necessary cells that have been acquired in recent times, and soon provides for the placement of rabbits in them. If desired, the means by which structures will be disinfected, can be manufactured independently, or purchased ready-made ones.
In second place after the treatment of structures with fire, is their painting with lime. As is known, it is typical for crawls to gnaw everything that gets in their way, so when choosing cells, it is recommended to pay attention to the material from which they are made. Wooden structures, which over time lose their appearance, most inexperienced farmers strive to paint. But, in order to paint the design it is necessary to use a safe substance. Most paints are not safe. Therefore, having decided to paint the cage after all, it is better to use a 10% bleach solution, which not only conducts proper disinfection of the structure, but also gives it freshness. If from the outside the cage can be painted so that the animal does not have access to the painted surface, then painting it from the nutria is extremely undesirable.
Conducting preventive disinfection is not limited to burning cells with fire, painting them with lime, there is also a method such as the use of aerosols. Alternatively, you can use a solution of formaldehyde 40%. In this case, it is important to respect the proportions of the substance. The solution and per 1 square meter should not be used more than 10 ml. After processing all surfaces and airing, the applied solution is washed off with clean water.
Cell treatment for infections
Particularly relevant disinfection of rabbit cells after there were cases of defeat their infections. In this case, the means that are chosen for the procedure are chosen depending on the particular disease of the rabbit underworking.
In the event that the cause of the pain of animals was salmonellosis, the structures in which infected animals were found should be treated with solutions such as caustic hot sodium 25%, formaldehyde 2%, and slaked lime 20%. The procedure should be repeated several times every 5 days. For its implementation it is necessary to use 1000 milliliters of any solution per square meter. It is necessary to process all parts of the structure, without missing a single millimeter.
With staphylococcus treatment is carried out using aerosol treatment, which allows you to disinfect all parts of the cell and penetrate into hard to reach places. Aerosol treatment is carried out using a solution of formaldehyde 25%. Per square meter is enough to use 20 milliliters of the solution. After 3 hours, the procedure will need to be repeated. When detecting pasteurellosis, it is recommended to use a mixture of freshly lime 20%, formaldehyde 5%, a solution of chlorine and a hot mixture of xylonaph 2% in both cases. After the procedure, the disinfected rabbit cells must be thoroughly rinsed and all parts of it treated with a solution of soda ash. Only then can animals be placed in them again.
Conducting disinfecting procedures, it is necessary to pay special attention to the tray reserved for the toilet, as well as the part of the structure in which it is located. Experienced breeders do not recommend the use of granular filler, which can be ingested by the rabbit, and this will affect its health. If such a filler was chosen, then it is necessary to place it in a tray, in which a special grid is provided to block access to it. The optimal filler for the rabbit toilet and the cage as a whole are natural raw materials, such as chips, straw or hay. Despite the fact that the natural filler is not able to absorb moisture and smell, like an artificial one, it is safe for animals. In addition, safe filler must be changed more often than artificial, which in turn reduces the likelihood of various infections in the cell, bacteria. Choosing the right filler for rabbit cells can prevent the development of certain diseases. Care must be taken to ensure that the filler inside the cage is always clean and dry.
Each breeder chooses for himself the most appropriate way to disinfect rabbit cells, someone prefers to paint them with lime, and someone treat them with chemical solutions. In any case, the effect will be achieved.