Before you start any animal, you should equip a room for it. This article will talk about how to make cages for rabbits with your own hands, what materials to use best, and how you can make the construction of cages as cheap as possible. We will also talk about what to look for when choosing the size of the house for the crawl.
Designs for keeping rabbits are different. First of all it is necessary to determine the size of the cage for rabbits. It depends primarily on the size of the animals. Depending on the breed you choose, ask the experts to what size the crawl will grow. The basis should be taken not average, but maximum indicators. Then, think about exactly how the animals will be kept. It is possible for each crawl to build a separate cell. This option requires the availability of free space in the barn and is associated with considerable material costs. You can keep the crawl on a few pieces in a cage. In this case, one should take into account the fact that it is not worth keeping heterosexuals in one cage. Accordingly, it is necessary to think in advance how many males and how many females you plan to contain.
Separately, it is necessary to equip a house for the young. Experts do not recommend planting more than 8 rabbits in one cage. At the same time, the size of the cage must comply with the existing standards, which state that there must be at least 0.17 square meters per rabbit. m
Cage design for young
Young animals are rabbits, who have already stopped feeding on mother’s milk, but have not yet reached reproductive age. They stop drinking mother’s milk from baby rabbits, on average, on the 40th day. During this period they are relocated to a new house, which should already be fully prepared. At the same stage, it is already necessary to decide who of the rabbits should be kept for breeding, and who should be fed to the slaughter. Accordingly, these individuals are placed in different cells. As mentioned earlier, in addition it is necessary to separate all individuals, according to the floor. It turns out that the cells for the young in the shed should be at least 4. You can build one large cage, and divide it into sections.
The cage should not stand on the floor. Therefore, it is advisable at the construction stage to provide for the presence of legs. Before you make a drawing of a cell, and you must make it necessary, we calculate its dimensions. If we are talking about animals that are fattened for slaughter, then it is enough to take 0.12 square meters per individual. m. square. Experts recommend containing, on average, 7 rabbits in one cage. Some breeders plant together and 15 rabbits. But this does not apply to individuals that are used for breeding.
The size of the cage for rabbits, which will be used for breeding, should be slightly larger than the size of the cage for the slaughter. On one rabbit should be diverted 0.17 square meters. m
There are 2 variants of the rabbit cage design. The first one assumes that only one cell wall will be closed by the grid. The remaining walls are covered with plywood, wood or other material. This design is called one-sided. It is possible that the grid closes two opposite walls.
When choosing a construction option, take into account the conditions of detention. If the cells stand in a warm room that is well ventilated, then you can stop your option on a two-way design. If the cages for rabbits are installed on the street, then the animals must be protected from the wind. Therefore, it is advisable to opt for a two-way design.
Since the stages of construction of any cage do not differ much, in detail about how to build a cage for young animals, we will talk later.
Adult Rabbit Cages
The design for adults has slightly different parameters than for young animals. First of all, it is worth noting that the neighbors of the rabbits, especially males, are unimportant. They are quite aggressive, prone to fighting. Therefore, the rabbits should be seated no more than 3 individuals. Animals begin to show aggression, as a rule, at the age of 3 months. In the same period, they should begin to sit in separate cells. If it is not possible to equip a sufficient number of cells for keeping in small groups, the males are castrated.
If the crawls are kept for the sake of the skin, then it is extremely important to arrange them in different cells in a timely manner. Otherwise, they injure the skin in a fight. The height of the structure for keeping adults should not be less than 35 cm. The width should be 120 cm. But these dimensions may vary depending on the breed of animals.
If you look at the photo of cells for rabbits, you can see the construction in several tiers. The most popular is the two-tier shed. It allows maximum use of space in the room. It is easy to take care of bunk constructions, and in that case it’s easy to watch the crawls. As for the 4-tier structures, the cells of the last tier are poorly visible. Yes, and reach them to change the feed or litter, without the help of the stairs is extremely difficult.
When building a street cage for rabbits in addition to fiberboard, boards and steel mesh, you will need covering material that will protect the rabbits from the weather (slate, for example). That the design was sustainable, you can pre-pour the foundation.
Cells with mother liquor
If you plan to engage in breeding work, then you definitely need to equip the room with special designs with queen cells. The sizes for the cells are somewhat different, since not only the rabbit, but also its offspring will live here. It is best to make the materiel removable. It connects the cell and the uterus of the hole, having the shape of a rectangle with sides of 170 and 200 mm.
Sometimes they build a double structure. It can contain two females, or a female with a male. This design is equipped with a removable partition.
Cages with aviary
If space allows, we construct cages with aviaries. As a rule, these are double structures, which are convenient for mating. The cage is divided by a partition, the aviary is common. Also, the design is suitable for keeping young animals or females that do not carry offspring.
In an open-air cage, krols will be able to actively move, which will have a positive effect on general health. But far from every building you can put such a design, given its considerable size. The cage itself should have a width of 65 cm on average, and a length of 1 m. m
Cells by the method of Zolotukhin
It is possible to talk a lot about houses equipped according to Zolotukhin’s method. We only say about the features of these designs. Zolotukhin, who is an experienced rabbit breeder, refused to use pallets. He proposed to make the floors solid, laying them with slate or wooden planks. To simplify the process of cleaning Zolotukhin made only a narrow strip of the floor adjacent to the rear wall reticulated.
The design has several floors. So that the waste of the inhabitants of the upper floors does not fall into the houses of the neighbors living below, the rear walls are made at a slight angle. Zolotukhin also proposed to abandon the queen cells that are present in the structures of other species. In his opinion, the rabbit herself should build a nest.
The doors have a mesh structure. On them and fixed trough.
When conducting breeding work, pay attention to the mini farm. They can be placed both on the street and indoors, if its area allows it. They are a series of cells located above each other. It is desirable that the cells have a connection that allows animals to move quickly inside the mini farm. This can be arranged by having openings in the partitions that can be opened and closed.
Mikhailov mini-farms are one of the most successful projects. They can be placed on the street, since the construction assumes the presence of heating in the queen cells. Also, unlike ordinary cells, in the Mikhailov mini farm, water is heated in drinking bowls, which minimizes the risk of catarrhal diseases in pets. Another plus design – its automatic cleaning and filling feeders.
How to build a cage for a rabbit
The construction process consists of two stages:
At the preparatory stage, you need to determine the size of the cells. Also at this stage you need to consider how many tiers the structure will contain. The most popular are bunk and single-tier cells. Although three-tier structures have a place to be, if the room has a high ceiling and good ventilation.
Determining the size of the cells for rabbits, you can proceed directly to the drawing. On the drawing paper we draw the structure, displaying all the details on it, including the placement of the watering trough and feeders. The drawing should be as accurate as possible. This will help in the planning phase to eliminate all errors.
Selection of building materials
The design can be portable (for example, a summer house, which is hiding for the winter in the barn), or stationary. For a stationary cell, weight is not important, and the portable structure should be light. If everything is ready, you can start building cages for rabbits.
We decompose the cage scheme for rabbits. She should always be in front of her eyes. The optimal cage sizes for rabbits are 100X50X70 (length, height and width, respectively). If we are talking about dwarf breeds, ornamental rabbits or giant breeds, then the dimensions vary, in accordance with the dimensions of the animals. The cages for keeping young rabbits have an average length of 170 cm. At the same time, the height and width remain 50 and 70 cm. This design is suitable for the maintenance of a group of animals.
Using a step-by-step instruction, having a finished project, even an aspiring rabbit breeder can do the manufacturing of cages. Consider the step by step instructions for the manufacture of structures in two sections. It will be about single-tier structures. Bunk constructions can be done at home by analogy with single-tiered ones.
Two-story construction involves the installation of two identical structures on each other. We have offered a description of the simple options that each breeder can do with his own hands. But there are more complex designs that allow with minimal care from the person to keep pets clean and carry out breeding work. An example of such structures are the Mikhailov mini-farms and houses by the method of Zolotukhin. Having seen such cages for keeping rabbits on video, you can try to make a mock-up, and then recreate the construction itself. But such a job requires certain carpenter skills.
The best houses for rabbits are those that are warm at any time of the year. If the structure is on the street and is equipped with an aviary, then build a canopy over it, which will close the pets from heavy rain and scorching sun. Cell device can be very diverse. The standard version involves a wooden cage, equipped with a queen cell, calculated for no more than two individuals. Any design must be well thought out and meet the needs of animals. To make it easier to keep the house of rabbits clean, equip it with a tray, and make the bottom of the net. Larger animals are best kept one by one. If the cages are on the street, then make sure that in the winter in them fluffy animals are warm and cozy.
You can buy a finished house for a pet. Popular are Italian cells and designs of ferplast (ferplast rabbit). They are beautiful and comfortable. Also pay attention to the model macrol, which can be recreated at home. And remember, whatever the cell may be, it must be properly treated and disinfected, timely change the litter and monitor the cleanliness.