Today, rabbits of ram breed are relevant among connoisseurs of ornamental species of animals. Thanks to their hanging ears and peculiar humpback on the nose, they resemble sheep. They are easy to breed and maintain.
Of the ornamental species of rabbits, ram breeds are the largest. They have a varied color – black, gray, brown, spotted, etc. These breeds are very common in Western European countries, especially in Germany and France. Rabbit breeders love these rabbits for their simplicity and ability to breed in different conditions.
Feature and history of the breed
Rabbit in a cage
These ornamental species originated from non-domesticated rabbits of Western Europe and the Mediterranean. A key breed was obtained in England in the 19th century. At first, the characteristic for modern individuals of these breeds, the trailing ears, was a mutation. English breeders decided to consolidate this feature, and bred a separate breed. Because of the ears, the breeding of rabbits ram has become popular in some countries. In some species, the auricle reaches a length of more than 70 cm, and the width of the ear is 10-17 cm. Some breeders fix their ears with a clip on the animal’s head for convenience.
The ram breeds are characterized by a wide sternum and a massive head. Animals are able to quickly build muscle. The average weight of a rabbit is about 4 kg. But some individuals can reach 8-10 kg. The body reaches a length of 60-70 cm. On average, the rabbit gives 4-7 pups per okrol, which is not much compared to other breeds.
Rams are notable for their peace-loving and calmness. This feature is most likely associated with a feature of the ears. Because of the closeness of the ear auricle, animals hear poorly and are not afraid. They are easy to train, able to recognize their nickname. They love to be stroked.
Before buying decorative rabbits, see how many species of this breed live, it is written in detail here.
This breed was bred in the middle of the 19th century in England. This is a hybrid of the German giant and the fold rabbit. Crossbreeding led to the emergence of large individuals weighing 4–8 kg, with an ear length of 60–70 cm. The species is characterized by an intensive rate of increase in live weight. Rabbits of French ram breed in a short time spread in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany. These countries subsequently became the place where the breed standard was entrenched.
Features of this type:
- wide forehead and massive head;
- pronounced cheeks;
- massive torso.
The color of the animal’s fur may be different, it coincides with the color of the parents. Because of the massiveness of the rabbit requires a lot of space for movement.
This breed appeared in the early 2000s in Canada and Australia from rex rabbits and miniature sheep. Specific standards of this type does not yet exist, since it is still being developed and improved. These rabbits wool is very velvety, dense and soft (like a plush toy). Rabbit weight can vary from less than 2 to 3 kg.
Care for these animals is simple. They need to comb out wool and clean their ears as often as possible. It is necessary that the rabbit was always clean water, optimal temperature and cleaned cage. Bred this breed only as a pet.
This species is one of the earliest, and appeared several centuries ago in England. He stands out excessively long ears (can grow to 70 cm). The hind limbs are much longer than the front, which visually makes it lower in front. Outline of the back originates from the neck and rises up. The pile is short and dense. Color has many options.
This breed requires a very caring, experienced owner. This lop-eared ram quickly gets used to the owner, and with inadequate care and attitude he becomes wild and frightened. A lot of places are necessary for a rabbit to live in, so that it does not step on its ears. The average weight of an adult individual is 4.5–5 kg.
This breed is the smallest among the sheep. The average weight of an adult animal is only 1.3-1.8 kg. Bred breed in the Netherlands. This species is very popular in the West as decorative pets at home. Miniature rabbits are very tame and calm.
In addition to long ears, this breed is distinguished by short, thick limbs, a broad miniature body. The color range of rabbits varied.
This breed was formed in the process of crossing the French and English sheep, which occurred in Meysen (Germany) in the late 19th century. The average weight of an adult individual is 3-5 kg. The torso is slightly elongated, with a correctly arched spine, the structure of the body is stocky. According to the standard, it is permissible for experienced females to have a small formed dewlap. The neck is short and wide.
The rabbit of this breed has a massive wide head, prominent cheeks, and a curved nose. Ears of great thickness, strongly overgrown with hair, at the base of which a crown is formed. The coat is smooth and uniform, covering the entire surface of the rabbit.
Now this species is considered very rare, so in Germany it is under the protection of the state.
This is the most tame and quickly getting used to the breed of people. It originated in the Netherlands in the middle of the last century and became very popular on the European continent. The length of the body of the animal grows up to 28 cm. The standard weight is 1.5-1.9 kg. For breeding, it is better not to acquire individuals greater than 2 kg and less than 1 kg.
Characteristics of dwarf sheep:
- stocky build;
- massive short occipital region;
- wide back and forehead;
- short front legs;
- short tail adjacent to the body;
- big eyes.
The length of the ears of the breed is 24-26 cm. The hair has a soft structure, short. Rabbits do not have dewlap. For one okol female leads up to 6 rabbits.
He descended from the Dutch sheep. Unlike other rabbits of these breeds, this one stands out with increased fluffiness and a wide variety of color (up to 20). This is a young breed that was bred in America. There it is the most popular. The weight of an adult rabbit reaches 1.6-1.8 kg. He has a circular torso and a short muzzle.
These animals are very smart, affectionate, and require greater attention. Long wool needs constant care and good nutrition.
Conditions of detention
Rabbit in a cage
Features of the structure of the ears are taken into account when keeping rabbits ram. If you breed animals for commercial purposes, the cells for their residence should be spacious. They must be disinfected periodically. Young individuals should be placed separately from adults. Females and males are also better divided. If animals are intended for meat, they can be slaughtered from 3 months.
Feed must be age appropriate and must be given at the same time 3 times a day. Nettle, wormwood, plantain and other herbs are suitable as green food for rams. Be sure to include in the diet of cereals. Water in the cage should always be, especially in nursing rabbits. In winter, these ornamental rabbits are fed with small hay consisting of different cultures.
The cage can be a grid case with a plastic tray of 15 cm depth. This gives the animal the opportunity to dig holes. In the cage, you can put a small house as a shelter. Sawdust can serve as a litter – they absorb urine well and do not irritate the airways like peat. Cells should be in a shaded location. They can not be placed near direct sources of heat (furnace, battery).
These types of rabbits are very susceptible to various infections. Therefore, in order to minimize the risk of infection, animals are regularly vaccinated and, if possible, exclude its contact with other pets.
Rabbits of breed ram
In our country, ram breeds are not very common. For commercial purposes, they are rarely bred. For professional breeding, take breeds that can bring greater profitability. Some use ram rabbits for breeding for meat. But the skins are also of good quality – they can be processed and sold.
It should be borne in mind that these rabbits are less prolific compared to others. The maximum number of one litter is 4-7 cubs. But the adult rabbit of some species of sheep can reach 8-10 kilograms of live weight, which is very beneficial for breeding for meat. Admitting to mating can be young, which has reached 6 months.
The lop-eared ram is a rabbit that is more suitable for keeping the house as a decorative animal. It should be borne in mind that rabbits of these breeds very quickly become attached to the host. Therefore, if there is no time and desire to constantly care for your pet, it is better to refrain from acquiring it. For breeding on an industrial scale are suitable only large meat breeds.