How to disinfect the cells of rabbits? Many breeders are concerned about this problem. The absolute majority of the losses of the rabbit farms are directly connected with the most diverse rabbit diseases, both in the form of epidemics and in the form of individual diseases. These troubles are triggered by a wide variety of pathogens, many of whom find themselves comfortable shelter and excellent conditions for reproduction in rabbit cages.
Rabbit cages must be cleaned periodically.
Sick rabbits cannot be fully cured without thoroughly cleaning and disinfecting their home. Otherwise, the disease will return again and again, causing irreparable damage to the population of rabbits. One of the most dangerous diseases for rabbits is myxomatosis virus, despite the fact that this disease is more common among wild rabbits and rabbits.
Periodic disinfection of cells and surrounding objects
Disinfection of rabbit housing is of great importance both in large enterprises for breeding rabbits and in small private farms.
Disinfection works are required to provide the terms and methods of processing both the premises where rabbits are kept, as well as equipment, inventory and even overalls. Last but not least, for all these elements it is necessary to provide the necessary number of special means that will help to ensure high-quality disinfection of the planned premises.
Disinfection cells by blowtorch fire.
This need should be derived from the number of planned disinfection objects, their area and quantity. When planning, we should not forget about the size of the floor, ceilings and walls of the room where the cells are located. Should be taken into account and adjacent to the cell area. Before disinfection, it will not prevent thorough cleaning of cells from the products of vital activity of rabbits and equipment, which will seriously reduce the consumption of disinfectant liquid.
It is recommended to organize a sanitary day every month, when there will be a general cleaning of all controlled premises. All places that require cleaning, wash with hot water at a temperature not lower than seventy degrees. Alternatively, for this purpose you can use a 1.5 – 2% solution of soda ash. After this procedure, disinfection can begin.
Rabbit cell disinfection should be carried out in the absence of animals.
When cleaning, the temperature features of the season should be taken into account: in the warm season, the spray jet will cope with the task, and during the cold season it should be more intense. To keep the metal parts of the cells from rusting less, they add 2% sodium metasilicate, better known as water glass, to the disinfectant liquid.
The process of cleaning the cells of rabbits, their surrounding space and inventory
How to process the cells? To facilitate the cell cleaning procedure, the contaminated sites are pre-plentifully moistened with hot water or a weak hot soda ash solution. Loose dirt can be knocked down with a stream of water. If necessary, resort to using a broom and scraper. If the rabbit cages are equipped with a metal grid, its pollution is removed by a gas torch or a blowtorch.
An example of a cage for rabbits.
The regularity of the current disinfection varies depending on the functional purpose of the objects:
- Outdoor cells and enclosed spaces are disinfected once a year.
- Cages for queens – 14 days before crawling and immediately after the relocation of young rabbits.
- All cells must be disinfected immediately after their release.
These procedures are performed by one of the following disinfectant solutions:
- 1% formaldehyde solution;
- 2% hot caustic soda solution;
- 2% bleach solution;
- 2% hot xylonap emulsion.
High efficiency is indicated by formaldehyde aerosol disinfection. Such processing is possible at a temperature of not less than 15 degrees above zero and relative humidity above 60%. Dryer air must first be moistened with a diluted solution that will be used later.
An important role in disinfection is played by actions after disinfection. After any treatment, the cells should be thoroughly aired, water and disinfectant residues should be removed, methodically wiping dry cell areas. After the smell of the disinfectant disappears, rabbits can be placed in the cage.
Places where animals are slaughtered are disinfected daily after work is completed. All equipment is subject to processing.
Special attention should be paid to the working clothes of people serving the cells. It should be processed at least once a week, and processing should be done every time an employee goes to work with a new group of wards. To disinfect clothes, we use their soaking in disinfectant solutions or boiling for half an hour.
At the enterprises special fire chambers are used. Shoes are processed at each entrance and exit from the room with rabbits. To this end, a container for a disinfectant solution should be provided at the entrance. To prepare the solution, use either a 2% caustic soda solution or a hypochlor solution.
Equipment designed to care for the cell is disinfected by boiling in water for half an hour or by immersion in one of the aforementioned disinfectants. In a special way it is necessary to process the waste products of rabbits and litter from their cages. For this purpose, the so-called "biothermal" disinfection is carried out.
To do this, equip a special sump at a distance not less than two hundred meters from the farm, where rabbits are kept, store waste there and fill it with lime.
Whatever the disease suffered by the rabbits, after the end of the quarantine period, further actions should be accompanied by full-scale disinfection of all cells and equipment. Treated cells are pre-cleaned as described above, and treated with a solution of 1.5 – 2% soda ash. Use of 0.5% caustic soda solution is allowed.
Personal preventive measures
The disinfectant executor is obliged to strictly follow all precautions when working with chemicals. Be sure to perform all types of work in clothing according to the standards that describe such procedures. When using products that have an irritating effect on the organs of sight and respiration, it is necessary to use protective eyewear and a respirator.
Aerosol disinfection is allowed only in a gas mask. At hand should be solutions-neutralizing substances that are used for disinfection.
The vast majority of pathogenic microorganisms that cause disease and the mass death of rabbits, has an amazing vitality. They are able to appear for even several months from the moment of infection of the cell. Moreover, a disease once experienced by rabbits can reappear even after a complete replacement of cell inhabitants, therefore disinfection measures should be treated with due respect, because it is much more difficult to cure a rabbit and, what is important in current conditions, is much more expensive than organizing proper prevention and disinfection.