Rules of keeping rabbits in the apartment
There is no doubt that these cute animals need proper care. This means that their owners should provide them with:
- Proper nutrition;
- The warm room, in which there would be no drafts and direct sunlight;
- Large and clean cell.
It is necessary to regularly clean the rabbit house, as dirty litter and a full toilet can become a breeding ground for pathogenic bacteria and germs. Also, in addition to eating and drinking, daily procedures also apply. combing the fur of an animal.
Rabbits are animals that love freedom and space, so experienced breeders recommend using the cage only for sleeping and eating. And the rest of the time to give your pet the opportunity to move freely around the apartment. So, the rabbit will be provided with the most comfortable living conditions – it will be locked up for only a few hours, and the rest of the time it will run a lot. This is important, since a rabbit’s permanent stay, even in a very large cage, can adversely affect its psychological state and cause many diseases.
Rabbits are animals who love to live in society. Therefore, one cage can serve as a home for several animals. But do not forget that the males are able to show aggression, wanting to get a territory or a female. Therefore, if uncased males are contained, it is better to place them in different cages, but close to each other. Castrated individuals can quietly coexist nearby.
Where to place the cell
Definitely should not be placed near the batteries or under the air conditioner. At the location of the cell should not penetrate drafts. It is also necessary to avoid direct sunlight. It is best to place it in a bright place opposite the window. In summer, rabbits will feel comfortable on the loggia or balcony. But then you should take care of sufficient darkening of the place, otherwise the animal may overheat, and this will lead to his death. If the balcony is not glazed, the rabbits will be uncomfortable there – they are very sensitive. to temperature changes and drafts.
What size should be a cell
The choice of cage size for a decorative or dwarf rabbit is based on its size, and whether it will be given the opportunity to freely move around the apartment. If the animal can be free up to six hours per day, then the minimum size of the dwelling for it is 45×80 cm. "the bigger, the better".
Which cell to choose
Choosing a cage for decorative rabbit, you need to remember that this will be its main dwelling. It is very important that this place is safe and comfortable for the pet, and convenient to clean for its owners. Speaking of security, it is worth noting that this is any lack of sharp corners, any cuts and other parts that, in contact with which, a rabbit can be injured. Feeder and trough should be rounded shape.
It is most convenient when a fine mesh is laid on the bottom of the cage. The most suitable option is a cell in which the walls and the ceiling are made of metal rods. But it should be noted that stained cells are not the best choice. Perhaps, outwardly, they have a more attractive appearance, however, rabbits have a habit of gnawing everything, and the cage is not an exception. Having tried such a “treat” for a tooth, the animal may well get poisoned.
Plexiglas, as walls, is also more dangerous than the desired material. Its advantages include guaranteed cleanliness around the cage, but its main disadvantage is the lack of ventilation. And this entails the possibility of overheating, and as a result, illness and even the death of a pet.
The internal organization of the home for the rabbit
It is very important to pay attention to the question: how to equip a rabbit cage? In a properly equipped cage for an ornamental rabbit must be:
Sometimes the cells are equipped with an automatic drinker, it allows you to preserve the freshness of water, and also protects it from dust, particles of fluff and feed, and other objects from the outside. Troughs are usually set in two quantities – dry food and other delicacies are put into one, and the second serves for hay, salads, vegetables and other natural food. The litter in the cage can be both hay and sawdust, including large ones. Some decorative rabbit breeders use corrugated board or soft rugs for bathrooms.
Also in the cage set a special house, which serves as a shelter. Instead, you can use a cardboard box – the rabbit gnaws through it the additional openings “windows and entrances” at its discretion. If you teach your pet to the tray, it will greatly facilitate the cleaning of the toilet. But in no case can not use cat litter – a rabbit can chew granules and poison. The bottom of the tray is usually covered with paper, and sawdust or chips are poured on top. The cage for the dwarf rabbit is equipped exactly according to the same principles.
Making a cage with your own hands
Constructing a home for an ornamental rabbit with your own hands is not at all such a difficult task as it may seem. A creative freedom of action allows you to build a unique home for your pet, which will meet all his needs and fit his character.
This will require the following materials:
- Nails, hammer;
- Self-tapping screws;
- Tin sheet;
- Sawing scissors;
The drawing can be done both independently and you can find it already ready on the Internet or in a magazine. Can be made single and bunk. The first step is to build a floor. For one adult dwarf rabbit, dimensions of 90x60x50 cm are considered ideal. A tin sheet of the appropriate size is laid on the plywood. Of course, the tin sheet is not a mandatory element, but with it cleaning the cage is much easier. Then the walls are cut from plywood.
If the house for the animal is two-tier, then only the side and rear walls are made of plywood, the rest of the grid. All parts are fastened with nails, and screwed to the floor with screws. For the door need: grid and wooden slats. A frame is formed from the slats, and a grid is fixed on it. Further, the second tier is constructed of plywood and screwed to the first with screws. The ladder between tiers should be 15 cm wide or more in order to exclude the possible fall of a dwarf rabbit. A shelter is placed on the second tier (you can also make it yourself – out of the box, you just need to cut a hole in it), at the first trough and drinking bowls.
Another method of building a cage for a pet, provides for the presence of an unnecessary wooden table. A frame made of wooden planks with a metal grid attached to them is attached to its legs. A very important point – to clean up all the places in which the grid is mounted. It is unacceptable to leave sharp corners, screws, protruding into the cell, and other dangerous elements. Where the rear wall is supposed to be located – a sheet of plywood is fastened. The hinges and the door are fastened to the front. If desired, the space can be divided into several tiers, using a mesh floor and stairs. The bottom is covered with any non-slip material.