Having a properly equipped rabbitry is one of the most important conditions for keeping these furry rodents. Both domestic and decorative breeds need a separate space – it allows you to provide the necessary care and protect pets from possible troubles. With the availability of materials and minimal skills in handling tools, it’s easy to make a rabbit cage with your own hands. Useful recommendations, photo examples and a small guide to their construction can be found on this page.
Features of the manufacture of cells
Before you begin work on the creation of housing for rabbits, you should familiarize yourself with the habits and physiology of future inhabitants. The most comfortable climate for these animals throughout the year is moderate heat (+ 12 … + 18C), average air humidity (60–75%), lack of wind and drafts. A decrease in temperature to 25 ° C, as well as heat above + 30 ° C, excessive dryness or humidity are critical and can lead to diseases or even death of animals. Rabbits are best developed in the open air, and manure vapors (ammonia) and dust, which are usually present in sheds, adversely affect their health.
When building cages for domesticated hares, it is very important to provide a method for cleaning surfaces from contamination. For example, the floors in boxes are often made removable from wooden slats or nets, which allows you to collect waste in the tray below, and the grates themselves can be easily washed and dried if necessary. The solid walls of the rabbitcher protect pets from drafts, rats and insects, but from the side of the feeders, you should always leave a fine mesh for ventilation. For outdoor and portable structures, you need to take care of a moisture-proof roof, which, at the same time, will not get too hot from the sun. The doors of the cells should close tightly, leaving no gaps, and the locks themselves should be fixed so that only the owners can open them.
Rabbit cage types
Conventionally, cells for rabbits can be classified according to the following criteria:
– by type of pets (for large or small breeds, common or single, mating cells, queen cells, young cells);
– according to the method of operation (stationary and portable, outdoor, indoor, universal);
– by the number of tiers;
– according to the type of material used (wood, from particle board / fiberboard / plywood, metal, mesh, plastic, combined).
Industrial cages for rabbit farms are significantly different from the decorated "houses" for decorative indoor animals. The latter are usually kept in boxes consisting of a deep plastic pallet and mesh. The doors can be plastic or Plexiglas, there is a place for bedding inside, a feeder, sometimes an additional closed compartment so that the animal can hide.
Individuals bred for economic purposes are often located in multi-storey structures with a large number of separate enclosures. Such a cell can be either purchased as a finished product, or built independently using available means.
Stages of building cages for rabbits
Making a cage for rabbits with your own hands from scratch involves several successive steps. Each of them is quite significant, it requires thoroughness and accuracy in work, but, if you approach the matter with full responsibility, the product will serve for many years.
Measurements and drawings
The optimal dimensions are selected depending on the breed of animals, their age and quantity. On average, a cage about 170 cm long, 60–70 cm high and 100 cm wide is planned for females with offspring. Young rabbits from the rabbit are deposited at the age of 1.5 months, in groups of 3-5. Adults (older than 3 months) are kept for fattening in individual boxes approximately 150x60x70 cm. The area for one rabbit must be not less than 0.3–0.5 m2, the height of the walls – from 35 cm.
The choice of materials and accessories
The main criteria for the selection of materials – their strength, resistance to mechanical stress and environmental features. Also, do not forget that rabbits are rodents and easily damage the fine wood. In general, any boards are recommended to be impregnated with antiseptics before use, and even better – with polyurethane varnish (liquid plastic). The biological waste of these animals is very caustic, so you should take care of regular cleaning of the flooring separately.
It is important that all surrounding surfaces do not evaporate harmful substances and do not interfere with the natural circulation of air. A healthy microclimate contributes to the proper development of pets, protecting them from all sorts of diseases. Various connecting elements, such as fasteners, door curtains, guides for feeders and sliding pallets must be of high quality, with good protection against corrosion – this will make it possible to operate the enclosures as long as possible.
For the manufacture of rabbit cages in the first place a frame is constructed of a metal profile and / or bars. Then to it is welded mesh, lattice made of wood, chipboard or plywood. The back, and often the side walls make solid, but the micropores in the material should easily pass air and moisture.
One of the most crucial moments – the arrangement of the floor. Replaceable rack-type designs, which can be folded and unfolded, removed and easy to clean, have proven themselves best of all. Plastic sleepers located at a small interval can be used as the floor, boards impregnated with polyurethane varnish, bamboo slats, mesh. The size of the cells should be such that the paws of the animals do not get stuck, and the rods do not bend under their weight. The metal mesh is convenient from the point of view of cleaning, but it provokes dermatitis in rabbits, which makes it painful for them to walk, so it is advisable to prefer plastic or wood.
The rabbit’s lid is at the same time a canopy protecting pets from precipitation and bright sun, as well as an additional door for opening and closing the enclosure. It is usually fixed with a slight inclination, making it from a tightly fitting sheet of plywood or other material that is not prone to shrinkage or deformation. The roof can not be made of metal, otherwise in the heat it will heat the air in the cells too. Such option as soft tile, slate, and ondulin is quite suitable for the street.
Installation and operation
Ready cages for rabbits are recommended to be installed at a height of at least 0.3–0.5 m from the floor, with the exception of portable structures intended for walking animals on grass. In other cases, the elevated position of the base will protect pets from moisture. Outdoors, enclosures are best placed in shaded areas, with facades to the east or west.
In the cold season you need to take care of the insulation of enclosures. For this purpose, fit the upholstery of the walls with breathable seals (mineral wool, piercing mats, fibreboards, foam plastic, bales of hay / straw / flax stalks, etc.). In order for cells to last as long as possible, they should be regularly cleaned, protected from moisture and timely minor repairs should be carried out.
Cages for rabbits do it yourself – photo
A large number of interesting ideas and examples of building cages for rabbits with their own hands collected in the photo gallery on this page. If you wish, you can repeat any of the presented options at home by making a comfortable and durable aviary for fluffy rodents on your own. Type of construction, materials and dimensions in each case is recommended to choose individually, focusing on the number, type and breed of animals, as well as the characteristics of their content in a particular farm.