Disinfection of rabbit cells: what to use for disinfection, step by step instructions
Rabbit breeders at the initial stage of development of their own farm face many difficulties: drawing up a diet, fighting diseases and observing sanitary standards in cages and rooms.
These three components play equivalent roles when keeping rabbits. The article describes the main stages of disinfection of cells, the drugs used and their effectiveness.
We will tell you how to disinfect rabbit cells, and help prevent some of the mistakes made during the work on the sanitary cleaning of cells.
Why disinfection of rabbit cells?
Novice farmers do not often think about the fact that the “housing” of a rabbit requires regular processing and cleaning. Referring to the fact that most cells have a mesh floor and there are no visible contamination.
Much attention is paid to the feeding, reproduction of animals, the treatment of various kinds of diseases. Remember, everything that happens to rabbits in your kennel depends, first of all, on their proper maintenance.
See also the article: → “How to keep rabbits correctly?”
You can use expensive feed, twice a day to change the water, arrange free-range, observe the temperature in the room and not take care of the disinfection of cells. In this case, the root causes of all diseases, lack of appetite, loss of live weight comes from an insignificant, at first glance, nuance – a dirty "dwelling" of an animal.
Rabbit cells must be kept clean on a regular basis.
In order to avoid unnecessary problems, carry out sanitary cleaning of cells.
Moreover, the procedure should be carried out regularly and with respect to the life cycles of the animal.
At what time it is better to perform cell manipulations, you ask? The more efficient to process? How all sanitation and hygiene measures will be harmless to rabbits? All these questions are easy to find answers in our article.
Time for cell sanitization
There are a number of factors, taking into account that experienced breeders disinfect cells:
- As contamination feces, urine, fluff and food debris.
- Until the moment the female rabbit is around.
- After jigging of young stock from the rabbit.
- Regarding the time of year: spring, autumn.
- During the manifestation of the first symptoms of an infectious or fungal disease.
- After cure or slaughter of a sick stock.
- In the period of general cleaning of the room.
Consider rabbit life cycles when sanitizing cages and rooms
What does rabbit cell disinfection include?
Rabbit cell disinfection consists of the following procedures:
- Washing surfaces: walls, ceiling, floor.
- Cleaning feeders and drinkers.
- Litter change, if any.
- Treatment with antibacterial solutions.
- Drying cells.
Not all measures apply at the same time. Some – more often: washing surfaces, replacing bedding. Others – less often: roasting, antibacterial treatment. Compliance with the rules for the disinfection of any nature is an essential condition for their own safety and the safety of the animal, spewing his age in a cage.
We trace the time intervals for each individual factor in the disinfection of cells. Remember, you must take all precautions before undertaking any type of work. Wear rubber gloves, use a respirator and replacement clothing. Inventory for cleaning cells before use must be disinfected in a solution of manganese.
Mindful of future cell cleanings, make constructions initially convenient for processing
Care is not as complicated as it seems. With a small number of livestock – 10-15 rabbits, you will spend sixty to seventy hours a year to disinfect your rabbit. It all depends on the promptness and acquired skills.
List of disinfectants for processing rabbit cells
Before treating rabbit cages, disinfectants must be distinguished. We offer to compare the types of treatment for efficiency.
When working on disinfecting rabbit cages, remember your own safety.
Preparations for the processing of cells, there are quite a lot. Here is a list of some of them:
- ash lye;
- bleaching powder;
- potassium permanganate;
- ecocide C;
How to choose the right one to solve several problems at once: to disinfect the cage, not to harm the animal and to protect yourself?
Comparative characteristics of disinfectants
In the table we consider the means for disinfecting rabbit cells, their application and effectiveness.
When working with any disinfectant, adhere to protective measures.
Use of a disinfectant solution when treating cells during the period of animal disease with myxomatosis
Sanitization is easy to do, but what about cell disinfection during rabbit disease? A common disease among animals called myxomatosis.
Myxomatosis is an infection carried by insects. It is possible to get rid of it only at the initial stage, a neglected disease can pose a threat to the entire population, manifesting itself as an outbreak of the epidemic.
See also the article: → “How to treat a runny nose in rabbits?”
Means for treating cells after myxomatosis:
- Burning with a blowtorch.
- Six percent solution of lysol.
- Three percent sodium hydroxide solution.
Fire eliminates all germs from any surface by 100%
Provided that the animal has been cured, it is worthwhile to take care of handling the cage, inventory and the room as a whole, since the infection may reappear.
After applying any of the three proposed disinfectors, rinse the solution with running water and dry the cells. The room after treatment must be ventilated.
Cell Disinfection Errors
Using chemical preparations for cleaning rabbit’s cells and disinfecting them, many make mistakes that lead to dire consequences. Consider the main ones, to avoid which both you and your pets will not suffer:
- The processing does not use personal protective equipment.
- Disinfection is carried out indoors.
- Applied solutions are diluted "by eye", and not according to the instructions.
- The treatment is carried out in the presence of animals, which is extremely unacceptable.
Do not bring to such cases, and you will be able to avoid trouble, both with your own health and with the health of rabbits in your kennel.
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Clean the cages of rabbits correctly! Clean the guarantee of health of rabbits!
We will not particularly focus on this issue, since, we hope, it does not arise for many. We can only say that disinfection is the surest solution for preventing the disease of your eared pets.
On farms and large livestock farms such a procedure is carried out according to the plan, taking into account the peculiarities of production. At the same time, not only the cages themselves are disinfected and processed, but also the equipment and premises where animals are kept.
This necessary event must become a habit and every rabbit breeder.
Planned prophylactic cell disinfection should be carried out twice a year, for example, in demi-season. This procedure is obligatory before the transfer of the young, before the rabbit, and after the disease of the animals.
Before disinfecting the cells, it must be thoroughly cleaned of bedding, litter, dirt and debris. Walls, floor, ceiling – everything should be clean and smooth.
For disinfection, we will need brushes, a broom, a scoop for collecting debris, a bucket or box, a scraper and the preparation itself, and a container for spraying.
But it is also possible to carry out the firing of the cage and inventory, as an alternative method to chemical preparations. So, today the most well-known and most popular disinfectants are:
- 5% alcohol solution of iodine;
- Virkon C;
- Ecocide C.
If you do not really trust such purchased drugs, you can choose any popular folk method, for example:
- burnt lime;
- firing by fire;
- hot liquor treatment;
- whiteness treatment.
Roasting – simple and effective
Firing is perhaps the most affordable and very effective way to disinfect rabbit cells. This procedure can be done after some kind of disease of animals, or just before jigging.
No infection and its larvae will resist the fire, so this method is very effective.
All you need to do is clean the rabbit cages, and then process it with a blowtorch or a gas torch.
Do not be alarmed if your cages for rabbits are made of wood, because even this material can be treated with fire. The procedure lasts a few minutes until a light brown shade of wood appears. But the inventory of ceramics, glass or metal is better to boil rather than burn. Pre-clean and well wipe all surfaces of the rabbit house.
Prophylactic treatment of rabbit cells should be carried out according to the following scheme:
- cages for adults and enclosed spaces for their maintenance are disinfected once a year;
- queen cells – 2 weeks before and after the transfer of the young;
- the rabbitks twice a year and after each seating.
It is important not to forget that it is always easier to spend a little time and effort on thorough disinfection than to treat or even lose animals.
Since many infections are very resistant to external factors and can maintain their activity for more than one week or even a month, you should never settle animals in unprocessed houses.
Also, do not rush to sit down to the newly acquired animals that already exist, soak them in quarantine for several weeks.
For prophylactic disinfection, rabbit cells can be treated with either fire or any available chemical agent. For example, bleach has gained widespread popularity in private households.
It is used in the form of a 10% solution, which is applied with a wide brush to all cell surfaces. Ash liquor can also be used, which removes pathogens and viruses.
For simplicity and convenience, chemical products can be bought ready-made in veterinary pharmacies.
Particularly popular was aerosol disinfection with a 40% formaldehyde solution, which is diluted at the rate of 10 ml per 1 m3.
It is desirable that before processing the humidity in the room was not lower than 60%, and the air temperature is above 15 degrees. If the humidity is lower, you can pre-spray some clean water into the air.
The solution is applied to the surface of the cell, as well as the entire inventory with the help of a spray gun. After that, you need to well ventilate and rinse with clean water.
Disinfection of rabbit cells should be carried out necessarily if an infectious disease has been detected on the farm. Also, this procedure is carried out after the death of the animals. The methods and drugs chosen depend on the type of illness and the materials available. Consider the most basic.
- Salmonellosis – it is good to use 2.5% caustic hot sodium, 2% formaldehyde solution, 20% hydrated lime infusion, 3% chloramine during treatment after this disease. For solid surfaces means are taken at the rate of 1 meter square. 1 liter. We repeat disinfection every 5 days.
- Staphylococcus – during disinfection of cells after and during this disease, use 4% formaldehyde, 2% chloramine or 8% damp. During aerosol treatment, a 25% formaldehyde solution is taken at the rate of 1 cubic meter of 20 ml at a shutter speed of 3 hours.
- Pasteurellosis – 20% mixture of freshly sour lime, 0.5% formaldehyde, 2% chlorine solution, hot 2% mixture of xylon naphtha.
- Listeriosis – soda ash (hot solution 16%), 20% formaldehyde. Use every 10 days until complete elimination of the infection.
After the destruction of the infection, as well as the removal of quarantine from the farm, it is necessary to disinfect the rabbit cages, as well as the inventory.
For this room and the houses themselves are thoroughly cleaned, all surfaces are washed with hot water with the addition of 1.5-2% soda ash.
For the treatment itself, all the same means are used as for the current disinfection for a specific disease. Only after final processing and complete drying in the cages can rabbits run.
How to treat rabbit cells after myxomatosis
Most novice breeders are interested in such issues as disinfection of cells for rabbits. The fact is that almost all the losses of rabbit breeders are associated precisely with various diseases that multiply in the cells. And if the animal is sick, then its place of residence needs careful treatment, otherwise the defect will return again, or the animal will completely die.
Today, the most dangerous disease of a rabbit is considered to be myxomatosis, since it inevitably leads to the death of animals. Below we take a closer look at how to properly perform sanitary cleaning of enclosures as a preventive measure, what means will help to perform such a procedure, and how to disinfect enclosures after defects.
When do the cleaning
How to process cages for rabbits? First of all, it is worth emphasizing that disinfection is the most effective way to prevent the development of various diseases in eared ones. Planned cell treatment is performed twice a year. In addition, this procedure must be performed in the following cases:
- before dropping a rabbit to a new place of residence;
- the cage is treated if new individuals have been acquired;
- disinfection is required when an epidemic occurs;
- as well as before and after the disease.
And one more point should be emphasized: if suddenly an epidemic has started in your district, then treatment should be done every week. In addition, it is necessary to disinfect not only animal enclosures, but also the entire internal inventory.
Despite the fact that such preventive measures require a lot of time and effort, it is extremely important to perform such processing. Do not forget that ignoring preventive measures can result in a massive loss of livestock. But disinfection will reduce all possible risks to zero.
How to prepare for disinfection
How is cell processing performed? First of all, in order to clean the rabbit enclosures well you will need to stock up on the following improvised means:
- hard brushes;
- broom and steel scraper;
- clean water and a broom.
The process of cell cleaning does not require much effort and time. You will need to first remove the floor grille, provided that the design allows it. At the same time, transfer the rabbits to another place.
So, evicting the animals from the cage, for a start with a broom cleaned of all the remnants of food and other particles housing the animal. Then the cage is poured with water and started to be cleaned with a metal scraper.
Then, using a hard brush, they clean everything out of the cage and wash the parts of the cage again with water and wipe dry of the entire surface with a piece of cloth.
It is best to disinfect cope with soap solution of soap. In the case when the rabbits suffered a certain disease or an epidemic rages, you will need to use heavier artillery.
Cell Treatment Products
As described above, as a preventive measure, it is necessary to disinfect the cells a couple of times a year. As a rule, perform this procedure with the onset of spring and the arrival of autumn. The following means are used for these purposes:
- they burn with fire all metal components of the enclosure;
- treated with soap;
- or disinfect the cell with a special chemical.
It is worth noting that no matter what means you treated the rabbit enclosure, it must be whitened with lime with lime.
With regard to the method of processing using fire, it is worth noting: today this method is considered the most effective in the fight against parasites and various viruses. And to perform such a procedure, it is necessary to use a gas burner.
Moreover, if you use such an assistant, then you can even carry out the processing of wooden partitions, the only thing you need to perform such manipulation carefully.
Well, in that case, when there is no gas burner at your disposal, the cage can be treated with boiling water or use such chemical preparations as:
- whiteness treatment;
- disinfection with the drug Creolin;
- formalin solution;
- alcohol iodine solution.
If you decide to disinfect the cell by chemical means, then before using them, carefully read the instructions. The fact is that some products should always be thoroughly cleaned after treatment. Therefore, it is very important to fully possess the information so as not to harm the animals.
The prepared solution for disinfection is best sprayed with a spray. Thus, you can carefully process each place without applying a lot of time and effort.
Cell treatment after disease
How to treat rabbit cells after myxomatosis and how to perform this procedure correctly? If you have had a case due to this defect, it is important to remember that the cells need to be processed very carefully.
The fact is that not only myxomatosis, but also other dangerous infections can live on the surface for quite a long time. Therefore, this question must be taken very responsibly. Moreover, after a disease, not only the cage is subject to disinfection, but also the entire space where the cages are located.
In addition to myxomatosis, special attention is paid to disinfection after the following defects:
- In myxomatosis and salmonellosis, broder treatment is performed with a solution of soda, and the walls of the room are whitened with lime.
- If there was an outbreak of staphylococcus, it is recommended that the cells should be cleaned with formaldehyde.
- For pasteurelism, treatment is recommended every five days until all the symptoms of the animals disappear. For processing using a solution of sodium in hot form.
- To defeat the listeriosis bacteria, use xylonaph emulsion.
In addition, the clothes in which you care for the animals also needs weekly processing. To do this, you can wash things in special products or just boil for 20 minutes.
When you start disinfecting at home, it is very important to follow all precautions when working with solutions of chemical origin. To do this, follow a few rules, namely:
- perform all work only in special clothes that need to be washed after such a procedure;
- Before you start disinfection, do not forget to wear safety glasses and a respirator to protect your eyesight and respiratory system;
- If you plan to use an aerosol type of disinfection, it can only be carried out in a gas mask, and you should definitely purchase a special neutralizer.
Many diseases that can provoke the death of the entire population are endowed with high survival rates. Such bacteria can develop even several months after the enclosure is infected.
It is for this reason that the disinfectant is chosen very carefully, and conduct the treatment as carefully as possible. Do not forget that it is much more difficult and financially more expensive to cure animals than to properly treat a rabbit’s habitat.
To avoid contamination of the livestock, the best option would be to perform timely preventive treatment. Do this procedure as follows:
- in areas where adults are planted, cleaning is done twice a year;
- Rabbit cages that are on demolitions must be disinfected before capping;
- as soon as the young are removed from the mother, it is necessary to disinfect;
- If you have purchased new animals, before you put them in an aviary, you must disinfect it.
If you decide to start breeding rabbits, it is important to remember that it is precisely because the cells were treated and the normal development of the animals depends.
Of course, food and water also plays a big role, but nevertheless the cleanliness of the rabbit house comes first. It is important to understand that the first provocateur of eared pet death most often develops in cages.
In addition, it is very important to be careful and attentive and not to plant the purchased animals into the raw enclosures after past residents. The fact is that even the rabbit particles, which remained after the past inhabitants, the new individual is able to become infected.
In this case, the acquired rabbits are best kept in quarantine for a while until the adaptation period passes, and sometimes it happens that the purchased animals can be sick. Therefore, in order to eliminate the epidemic of the disease, it is best to follow the new animals in isolation for a few weeks.
Well, in conclusion, it remains to add that in fact the treatment of rabbit cells is not a difficult task, but it is very useful and important. Do not forget that the cleanliness of the aviary greatly affects the health of your pets. Therefore, do not neglect such a procedure, because it will be the key to the health of your livestock.