Being engaged in raising rabbits in private households is a fairly profitable business and is not particularly burdensome. In this case, the owner should pay attention to the fact that animals are very often exposed to various viral or infectious diseases, which can be the main cause of death. One of the measures to prevent mortality among animals is to conduct regular disinfection measures.
What is the danger of viruses and infections?
Bacteria are extremely tenacious and have the ability to multiply very quickly, if there is a favorable environment for this. They are capable of infecting livestock if the animals live in an infected cage.
With the occurrence of massive cases, any actions to stop the death rate, as a rule, no longer make sense. To prevent damages, it is recommended to take care of disinfection measures in a timely manner.
If microbes are bred in the walls, spread on surface grids or bedding material, it will be very difficult to get rid of them. Microorganisms are endowed with the ability to tolerate water treatments, as well as high or low temperatures, and resistance to chemicals is also developed over time. The same danger is represented by inventory tools, feeders and drinkers.
A few words about disinfection
Most experts have long concluded that the best way to get rid of rabbits from the occurrence of diseases that will lead to death in the future is timely cell cleansing and disinfection work. For this purpose, special tools are used in combination with a specific method.
If the farm is large, then disinfection is recommended every six months. To planned procedures include the following activities:
- seating young animals in common cages;
- preparation of uterine compartments;
- fixation of diseases carried by rabbits.
Any treatment, whether planned or not, involves disinfecting cells not only from the inside, but also from the outside. Inventory tools, all premises, including walls, ceilings and floors should also be processed.
How to carry out preparation for procedures
Before disinfection, it is necessary to clean. All cells are cleaned thoroughly from litter, sweeping residues of litter material collected particles of debris and dirt. Each surface must be clean. Pre-cleaning allows you to get rid of 40% of harmful microorganisms. For the rest, there are more serious methods.
What you need from the inventory
High-quality cleaning is impossible without the following tools:
- shoulder blades;
- metal scraper;
- iron sponge;
- garbage bags;
- a hose connected to the water supply;
- rubber gloves.
First of all, rabbits are transplanted into temporary cages. Then you can proceed to remove all items that are easy to pull out. The litter is completely collected in the garbage bag, the remaining litter is swept out with a scraper and a broom. It is recommended to check the cage for any breakage.
We rinse the entire cage with water from a hose, not forgetting about the walls and the ceiling. Residual dirt is removed with a metal sponge. Rinse with water. Then comes the turn of the detergent, it can be anything. After applying the detergent, again all surfaces are wiped with a metal sponge, and the cage is wound with water from a hose.
To dry the cage is recommended to pull to an open place in the sun, if the weather permits. The final stage is the washing of all drinkers, feeders and equipment. At the very end, the room where the cells stand, including the floor, walls and ceiling, is processed directly.
Use of disinfectants
After the room is treated with water and dried, it’s time to start disinfection. Before this, an agent is selected for operation. The most popular is the use of:
- iodine spray;
- ash liquor;
- Ecocide C;
- alcohol iodine solution;
- Virkon with;
- formaldehyde solution;
- soda ash.
It is best to apply the disinfecting solution with a brush or spray. For work it is recommended to use gloves and a respirator.
How is disinfection carried out
Conducting disinfection, you can opt for the following methods:
- Application of the solution. Choose one of the tools listed above. And it is they who process all surfaces. Then the tool is washed off with plenty of water, and the cell and room are dried.
- Using the aerosol method.
- Roasting Refers to the most effective method. You can use a blowtorch or a gas torch.
- The use of installations "Kärcher".
- Use of industrial hair dryers.
Use of fire
This method is one of the most popular due to the low labor intensity and cost. All harmful microbes, from adults to larvae with embryos, die in fire. If this method is chosen, it is not necessary to wash the cell after applying the chemical solution.
You should not worry about the presence of wooden elements in the cage, they can also be subjected to fire, and the procedure itself is very fleeting. The wood does not have time to catch fire, but it can get a brown shade.
How to use a blowtorch
The blowtorch must be checked for malfunctions and refilled before work. Then flammable items are removed from the room. Fiery stream to treat all surfaces, the maximum exposure time of about 2 minutes. It is recommended to monitor the uniform spread of the flame.
After the cells have cooled, they can be put in place if the room has already undergone disinfection treatment. Cover the litter materials and settle the rabbits.
How to use "Kärcher"
The German company is the inventor of the cleaning apparatus, which operates from high pressure. And if it was originally intended for its purely domestic use, then for a long time most of the farmers acquired such machines for household needs. "Karcher" is adapted for excellent cleaning of premises for animals, as well as their disinfection. All this becomes possible due to high pressure. The technique is ideal, but with a big disadvantage – the high cost of the unit itself. But if such a machine is available, additional disinfection in the cells and in the rooms is no longer necessary.
Use of chemicals
For the treatment of bleach it is necessary to take care of the preparation of a 10% solution. It is applied over the surfaces using a wide brush, then the agent is left for 30 minutes. The main thing is to carefully approach the removal of chlorine from the surfaces so that the rabbits cannot lick it. For this water is used in large quantities. Cells should be ventilated and dried before planting animals.
Application of whiteness, domestos, zhavel. All tools are popular in homework and are suitable for use on the farm. Chlorine solutions are used with the addition of water at the rate of 1:10. It is recommended to apply from a spray. The treated cells are left for 60 minutes, then thoroughly washed and dried.
To use the iodine solution, you will need 5% iodine in the amount of 25 ml per liter of liquid. For applying suitable as a brush and spray. The treated cells are left for 60 minutes, then washed with plenty of water and dried.
Recommended dates for disinfection work: