How to treat rabbit cells after death or disease?
Every experienced breeder knows about the tendency of rabbits to infectious diseases. Viruses and bacteria that infect livestock are often the cause of massive mortality. Therefore, the issue of disinfection of animal cells is one of the most important in the subject of maintenance and cultivation. It is particularly acute after identifying the source of the infection: in this case, measures should be taken to disinfect the premises as soon as possible.
Rabbit in a cage
Why do you need disinfection?
Pathogens, which include viruses and bacteria, are very tenacious. Some of them retain virulence for months and even years. Treatment of animal cells with special chemical solutions or high temperature is the only way to get rid of a possible source of damage. Each farm is obliged to disinfect the locations of rabbits, feeders, drinkers, auxiliary equipment 1 time in 6 months. Optimally, if the timing of disinfection will fall on the off-season.
Additional disinfection must be carried out in the following cases:
- when transplanting young rabbits into common cells;
- before okolom;
- after the quarantine of new rabbits in the livestock;
- after animal diseases.
Important! In order to disinfect the cells of rabbits, the animals are necessarily deposited. Back animals return only after a long airing of the room.
For disinfection with the help of special preparations it is convenient to use a spray bottle. You can also use a regular brush or rag. After the exposure time of the chemical, according to the instructions, its remains are washed off with water, and the cells are wiped with a dry cloth.
Special preparations for processing
Preparations for the treatment of cells can be purchased at any veterinary pharmacy. The most effective and common ones are:
- "Bromosept-50". Disinfecting drug, which belongs to the category of low-toxic. It effectively acts on pathogens even in low concentrations. It can be used at any ambient temperature. "Bromosept-50" does not cause allergies in humans and animals, does not damage the surface to be treated. For prophylactic purposes, the rabbit cells are washed with a solution of 0.05%, for which 1 ml of the substance is dissolved in 2 liters of water. During disinfection after mortality, the concentration of the drug is increased. The exposure time is from 3 to 6 hours.
- "Virosan". Affects viruses, fungus, coccidia and bacteria. The drug is applied to the surface of cells and do not wash off. The advantage of the drug – a long duration.
- "Ecocide C". The drug is in powder form, it belongs to the moderately dangerous group. For processing cells using an aqueous solution prepared in a proportion of 50 grams to 5 liters of water. It is necessary to wash off the drug within 1 hour after application.
- "Xylonapt". Special oily substance with pronounced disinfectant properties. When conducting a planned treatment, use a 2-3% solution of the drug, and after the disease is detected, the cells are treated with a 5% solution with a temperature of at least 70 degrees.
- Creolin besfenolny. Thick liquid dark brown. It is used to destroy Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. To do this, 0.5 liters of emulsion 3.5% is used per 1 sq.m. The exposure time is 3 hours, after which the cells are washed with water.
For disinfection of cells in which they place pets grown for decorative purposes at home or in an apartment, they use the drug "Loyal Friend" based on triclosan. With it, you can treat the cells of rabbits for disinfection, effectively remove dirt and odors. Does not require rinsing.
Widely used chemicals can be used to disinfect cells:
- Ash liquor. To prepare a disinfectant solution, wood ash is added to the water in a ratio of 1: 3, after which the whole mass is boiled for 30 minutes. When processing such a solution, rabbits can not be removed from the cage. Inventory is disinfected by full immersion in the solution.
- Bleaching powder. The solution is obtained by mixing 1-2 kg of bleach and 1 liter of water. After the chlorine dissolves, the volume of the mixture is adjusted to 10 liters, settled overnight and filtered.
- Formaldehyde. For disinfection used 1-4% solution. When using an aerosol method of application you can apply a concentration of 30-40%. The exposure time of the substance is 6 hours using 10 ml of formaldehyde per 1 cubic meter. and 24 hours when using 20 ml of the preparation for disinfecting such a volume. The remains of substance are washed away with ammonia solution.
- White. The cells are washed with an aqueous solution of 1:10.
- Lump lime. Before use, it is extinguished: 1 kg of the substance is thoroughly stirred in 1 liter of water. In the received pushonov add 9 more liters. Such a solution must be applied no later than 6 hours after preparation, while it retains its disinfecting properties.
- Chloramine. White powder, which before use must be dissolved in heated water. The finished solution can be stored for up to 2 weeks. After applying on the surface of the cells they should be washed with water.
In addition to the above substances, normal iodine is used for disinfecting cells at a dosage of 25 ml of 5% iodine per liter of water, formalin 2%, caustic soda 3%, sodium hydroxide, heated not less than 70 degrees. In order to eliminate the negative effects of alkalis and acids on metal surfaces, it is recommended to add sodium metasilicate 21% to the disinfection solution.
High temperature disinfection is a simple, inexpensive and effective way to prevent disease. To do this, you can use a regular blowtorch or a gas torch. Pre-cell surface is cleaned and wiped.
Important! When treating wooden cells with fire, the duration of exposure to heat should not exceed several minutes. As soon as the tree begins to acquire a brown shade, the procedure is terminated.
The construction of glass, metal and ceramics is not subject to burning by fire. Such elements are recommended to be disinfected by boiling. Before burning, flammable objects are removed from the room, and the work is carried out in compliance with fire safety requirements.
Disinfection after a case of illness
Disinfection of cells for rabbits after identifying foci of infection in the premises or in the region is carried out in order to reduce the likelihood of the disease. To do this, the cells are washed with a solution of soda ash 2% temperature of at least 90 ° C. After that use a disinfectant that acts on a specific pathogen. A complex treatment is surely carried out: the prepared solution is applied not only to the cells, but also to the surface of the room where the animals are kept. Also processing is subject to all used inventory.
Reference! In cases of quarantine in the area where the household is located, disinfection should be carried out every 10 days.
The choice of disinfectant depends on the type of disease:
- Salmonellosis. The solution is prepared from chloramine 3%, xylonaph 2.5%, sodium hydroxide 2.4% and used at the rate of 1 liter per 1 sq. M. surface.
- Staphylococcosis. For the prevention of this disease using formaldehyde 4% or its aqueous solution. The room is treated with an aerosol method using formaldehyde 20%.
- Pasteurellosis. For the preparation of an antiseptic, formalin 1%, sodium hydroxide 2%, phenol 3% and lysol 3% are used. Inventory is treated with boiling water without the use of chemicals.
- Listeriosis For disinfection after detection of this disease, soda ash is used in a hot solution at a concentration of 16% or 5% xylon naphtha. For aerosol disinfection, 20% formaldehyde can be used.
- Ringworm. The treatment is carried out twice with a break of 24 hours. Prepare a warm solution of formaldehyde 2% and sodium hydroxide 1% or sodium phenolate 12% mixed with caustic soda 1%.
After death from myxomatosis and HBV, when 70% to 100% of the livestock die, small inventory, feed debris, bedding and troughs should be burned. Cells of dead animals are pre-cleaned with 2% caustic soda. After that, all surfaces are washed with a disinfectant solution:
- bleach in a concentration of 10-20%;
- formalin / formaldehyde at a concentration of 1%;
- Lysol 6%;
- chloramine 5%.
Disinfection of rabbit cells is performed in 2-3 steps. After the last treatment, the exposure time should be 3 hours. After 2 weeks, when it is planned to colonize new animals, the inventory and cages are disinfected again.
Planned processing of cages is an important event for growing healthy, numerous livestock. It is carried out 2 times a year with a preliminary mechanical cleansing of the cells. It is also important to carry out repeated disinfection after deaths, which will allow you to avoid the mass spread of infection and protect new animals that will be raised in existing cages.
What to clean and disinfect rabbit cages?
Rabbit breeders know that these long-eared little animals are easily vulnerable to infections and pathogenic viruses that cause mortality in young rabbits and adult sexually mature individuals. It is not easy to get rid of infections that affect long-eared animals, because they differ in vitality and increased resistance to the effects of high and low temperatures, as well as to some chemical compounds.
Rabbit cages need to be disinfected regularly.
Pathogenic microorganisms can live for a long time on open surfaces, inside cells, on tools and inventory, representing a constant danger to old and new occupants. Therefore, an experienced rabbit breeder should know what and how to clean and disinfect pet cages in order to avoid illness and mortality of fluffy pets.
The majority of livestock breeders are of the opinion that the most effective way to clean the cells is to disinfect them with the help of special means. Practice has shown that disinfection is the most correct way to prevent rabbit diseases. In livestock farms, this procedure is mandatory repeated every six months. Rabbit cages, inventory, and even rooms where animals are kept are processed.
Every rabbit breeder should not underestimate the benefits of this procedure.
Livestock breeders carry out similar sanitization in the offseason.
There are periods when carrying out the cleansing procedure is necessary:
- transplantation into common young cells;
- fast about rabbit;
- period after livestock disease.
Disinfection is usually carried out in the offseason.
How and with what help to carry out processing?
Before proceeding with the disinfection procedure, the rabbit cages must be thoroughly cleaned of accumulated droppings, dirt, straw residues and other debris. Surfaces must be clean. To perform the procedure you need an inventory:
- various brushes;
- blades or scrapers for cleaning waste;
- a bucket, box or other container for collecting garbage;
- tank for spraying substances;
- a drug.
The most popular, widely used and well-proven disinfectants today include:
- 5% iodine solution in alcohol;
- vircon and ecocide C.
In addition, it is quite suitable for use and very affordable, time-tested traditional cleaning methods:
- burnt lime treatment;
- burning by fire;
- hot liquor cleaning;
- rinsing with whiteness solution.
Disinfection with a spray bottle
Burn with fire
Roasting has long been an effective way to combat the spread of disease. Under the influence of high temperature, pathogenic microorganisms, various bacteria, viruses, larvae of parasites die, which quite often serve as carriers of diseases.
To implement this procedure, you must first thoroughly clean and wipe the cells, then process all their details with a fire of a blowtorch or a gas torch. Do not worry if rabbit houses are made of wooden parts. Wood is amenable to fire treatment. The duration of the procedure should not exceed a few minutes. It is necessary to finish it as soon as a light brownish tint appears on the tree.
Regarding the inventory, which is made of glass, ceramic or metal, it should not be subjected to fiery processing. Such items are best boiled thoroughly.
Using a fire cleaning method, fire safety measures must be carefully followed and reasonable care taken. Before the procedure, it is better to remove flammable objects from the treatment area.
Fire treatment can be carried out using a blowtorch
Planned treatment for the prevention of diseases should be carried out according to a certain temporary scheme:
- closed rooms and cages containing mature rabbits should be processed at least once a year;
- the queen cells are disinfected on the eve of the circumvention and after the jigs have grown up;
- rabbitks require treatment every six months and always after each seating.
Remember, a waste of effort and time to disinfect will prevent in the future much greater losses from treating animals and increasing livestock mortality. Care should be taken to never relocate new animals to cages that have not been treated after previous occupants, since many microorganisms can maintain their viability from several weeks to several months. Newly acquired rabbits before replanting to the main herd must be kept for some time in quarantine. Usually this period is a couple of weeks.
Disinfection of cells can be performed using special tools. Bleach, or rather its 10% solution, is particularly popular.
It is applied to the treated surface using an ordinary brush. Ash lye gives a good effect. It fights well against dangerous viruses and various types of microbes.
These funds are easy to prepare yourself, but you can buy it in a ready-made form at a veterinary pharmacy.
Timely cell disinfection pays off quickly
Many rabbit owners prefer treatment with an aerosol prepared from 40% formaldehyde solution. The best result in its use can be achieved if the humidity in the room is not lower than 60%, and its temperature is heated to 15 degrees above zero. If the air is too dry, spray a small amount of ordinary clean water in the room. Treat the cell surface using a spray gun.
After disinfecting the room, it is necessary to ventilate thoroughly, and to wash the rabbit houses with clean water.
In the case of infectious diseases, the treatment of the premises is carried out on a mandatory basis, just as in the case of loss of the population. The type of disease depends on the choice of drugs used for cleaning and disinfecting premises. The following diseases are the most common.
In the hot season, rabbits suffer from myxomatosis. This is an infectious disease that is usually epidemic. Various insects become carriers of myxomatosis. The appearance of purulent conjunctivitis, the formation of tumors filled with fluid, and edema in different parts of the head, including the ears, nose, and eyelids, are characteristic of myxomatosis.
The initial signs indicating the presence of myxomatosis are red spots on the skin and the appearance of small bumps on the ears and eyelids.
Getting rid of myxomatosis is very difficult. It is best to treat the initial stage of the disease.
Myxomatosis in the initial stage
One way to prevent myxomatosis is to regularly treat cells with disinfectants. After the treatment of myxomatosis, the cells, equipment and premises intended for keeping rabbits are disinfected with a 3% sodium hydroxide solution, a mixture of formalin and formaldehyde, and bleach solution. You can also get rid of myxomatosis virus by applying a 6% Lysol solution. Some livestock breeders recommend the use of roasting by fire.
This dangerous disease can destroy all livestock of rabbits. Up to 100% of animals die from myxomatosis.
Often rabbits suffer from staphylococcus. This disease is extremely dangerous for individuals of any age. With this disease, multiple ulcers appear on the body of the animal. The causative agents of the disease are golden and white staphylococcus. They exhibit good resistance to low temperatures, but do not tolerate high temperatures. Treat premises and equipment after staphylococcus using 4% formaldehyde solution or 2% chloramine.
Salmonellosis is another disease that is dangerous to the health and life of long-eared pets. It is excited by microbes called Salmonella. They affect individuals of any age group. This disease is characterized by an acute course, accompanied by general lethargy of the animal, profuse diarrhea. After a short period of 2 to 5 days, the rabbits die. When salmonellosis is best treated with sodium hydroxide, formaldehyde, a solution of slaked lime and chloramine. During the course of the disease, treatment should be repeated regularly every five days.
Pasteurellosis is an infectious type of disease. It is usually accompanied by a high mortality rate. It occurs most often as a result of poor-quality feeding and maintenance of animals. The complexity of the treatment of this disease is due to the fact that the pasteurella that provokes it is very resistant to the effects of chemicals and manifestations of the external environment. However, when the temperature rises to 75 degrees above zero, the pathogens die almost instantly.
In the event of pasteurellosis, treatment should be carried out with slaked lime, formaldehyde or chlorine solution. It is also possible to use roasting by fire.
After the disease has subsided, and quarantine is terminated, experts advise once again to make a control disinfection of all rooms that contain animals, as well as tools and equipment. Houses can additionally be washed with boiling water with the addition of soda. Processing should end with a thorough drying, after which long-eared guests can be returned to the premises.
Disinfection treatment of rabbit cells
Being engaged in raising rabbits in private households is a fairly profitable business and is not particularly burdensome. In this case, the owner should pay attention to the fact that animals are very often exposed to various viral or infectious diseases, which can be the main cause of death. One of the measures to prevent mortality among animals is to conduct regular disinfection measures.
What is the danger of viruses and infections?
Bacteria are extremely tenacious and have the ability to multiply very quickly, if there is a favorable environment for this. They are capable of infecting livestock if the animals live in an infected cage.
With the occurrence of massive cases, any actions to stop the death rate, as a rule, no longer make sense. To prevent damages, it is recommended to take care of disinfection measures in a timely manner.
If microbes are bred in the walls, spread on surface grids or bedding material, it will be very difficult to get rid of them. Microorganisms are endowed with the ability to tolerate water treatments, as well as high or low temperatures, and resistance to chemicals is also developed over time. The same danger is represented by inventory tools, feeders and drinkers.
A few words about disinfection
Most experts have long concluded that the best way to get rid of rabbits from the occurrence of diseases that will lead to death in the future is timely cell cleansing and disinfection work. For this purpose, special tools are used in combination with a specific method.
If the farm is large, then disinfection is recommended every six months. To planned procedures include the following activities:
- seating young animals in common cages;
- preparation of uterine compartments;
- fixation of diseases carried by rabbits.
Any treatment, whether planned or not, involves disinfecting cells not only from the inside, but also from the outside. Inventory tools, all premises, including walls, ceilings and floors should also be processed.
How to carry out preparation for procedures
Before disinfection, it is necessary to clean. All cells are cleaned thoroughly from litter, sweeping residues of litter material collected particles of debris and dirt. Each surface must be clean. Pre-cleaning allows you to get rid of 40% of harmful microorganisms. For the rest, there are more serious methods.
What you need from the inventory
High-quality cleaning is impossible without the following tools:
- shoulder blades;
- metal scraper;
- iron sponge;
- garbage bags;
- a hose connected to the water supply;
- rubber gloves.
First of all, rabbits are transplanted into temporary cages. Then you can proceed to remove all items that are easy to pull out. The litter is completely collected in the garbage bag, the remaining litter is swept out with a scraper and a broom. It is recommended to check the cage for any breakage.
We rinse the entire cage with water from a hose, not forgetting about the walls and the ceiling. Residual dirt is removed with a metal sponge. Rinse with water. Then comes the turn of the detergent, it can be anything. After applying the detergent, again all surfaces are wiped with a metal sponge, and the cage is wound with water from a hose.
To dry the cage is recommended to pull to an open place in the sun, if the weather permits. The final stage is the washing of all drinkers, feeders and equipment. At the very end, the room where the cells stand, including the floor, walls and ceiling, is processed directly.
Use of disinfectants
After the room is treated with water and dried, it’s time to start disinfection. Before this, an agent is selected for operation. The most popular is the use of:
- iodine spray;
- ash liquor;
- Ecocide C;
- alcohol iodine solution;
- Virkon with;
- formaldehyde solution;
- soda ash.
It is best to apply the disinfecting solution with a brush or spray. For work it is recommended to use gloves and a respirator.
How is disinfection carried out
Conducting disinfection, you can opt for the following methods:
- Application of the solution. Choose one of the tools listed above. And it is they who process all surfaces. Then the tool is washed off with plenty of water, and the cell and room are dried.
- Using the aerosol method.
- Roasting Refers to the most effective method. You can use a blowtorch or a gas torch.
- The use of installations "Kärcher".
- Use of industrial hair dryers.
Use of fire
This method is one of the most popular due to the low labor intensity and cost. All harmful microbes, from adults to larvae with embryos, die in fire. If this method is chosen, it is not necessary to wash the cell after applying the chemical solution.
You should not worry about the presence of wooden elements in the cage, they can also be subjected to fire, and the procedure itself is very fleeting. The wood does not have time to catch fire, but it can get a brown shade.
How to use a blowtorch
The blowtorch must be checked for malfunctions and refilled before work. Then flammable items are removed from the room. Fiery stream to treat all surfaces, the maximum exposure time of about 2 minutes. It is recommended to monitor the uniform spread of the flame.
After the cells have cooled, they can be put in place if the room has already undergone disinfection treatment. Cover the litter materials and settle the rabbits.
How to use "Kärcher"
The German company is the inventor of the cleaning apparatus, which operates from high pressure. And if it was originally intended for its purely domestic use, then for a long time most of the farmers acquired such machines for household needs. "Karcher" is adapted for excellent cleaning of premises for animals, as well as their disinfection. All this becomes possible due to high pressure. The technique is ideal, but with a big disadvantage – the high cost of the unit itself. But if such a machine is available, additional disinfection in the cells and in the rooms is no longer necessary.
Use of chemicals
For the treatment of bleach it is necessary to take care of the preparation of a 10% solution. It is applied over the surfaces using a wide brush, then the agent is left for 30 minutes. The main thing is to carefully approach the removal of chlorine from the surfaces so that the rabbits cannot lick it. For this water is used in large quantities. Cells should be ventilated and dried before planting animals.
Application of whiteness, domestos, zhavel. All tools are popular in homework and are suitable for use on the farm. Chlorine solutions are used with the addition of water at the rate of 1:10. It is recommended to apply from a spray. The treated cells are left for 60 minutes, then thoroughly washed and dried.
To use the iodine solution, you will need 5% iodine in the amount of 25 ml per liter of liquid. For applying suitable as a brush and spray. The treated cells are left for 60 minutes, then washed with plenty of water and dried.
Recommended dates for disinfection work: