Building cages for rabbits implies certain questions: how much and what breed of rabbits will you breed, will you take up breeding. After that, choose the type of aviary and proceed to work. Materials use the most affordable. plywood or wood, mesh and slate. Since the crawl will gnaw the cells from the inside, we don’t use something that can harm their health: chemical antiseptics, materials with metal chips.
Rabbits. capricious in keeping animals. It is possible to have an open-air cage both indoors and outdoors. But street cells are suitable only for the southern regions, otherwise in winter the eared will freeze. The optimal temperature for keeping rabbits. from 10 to 20 degrees. In aviaries, you must avoid drafts, direct sunlight and humidity above 75%. Given all this, find the most optimal place and proceed to the choice of the type of aviary.
There are several types of cages for rabbits:
- simple cells, with or without mother liquor; with or without a walking enclosure;
- cells I. N. Mikhailova;
- cells N.I. Zolotukhin.
Regardless of the type of enclosure, it is located at a height of at least 70 cm from the ground in one or several tiers. This can be done using high legs or wall mounts. In this way, rabbits will be protected from rodents and other animals, and indoor air will circulate better. The size of the rabbit house depends on the breed, gender and age.
For the manufacture of enclosures with their own hands trying to take natural materials, such as boards. Since rabbits gnaw everything that they come across, then chipboard should not be used. It is harmful to animals, and quickly crumble. Often from the inside, rabbit housing is protected from the teeth of animals by iron lining. But this can only be done if the temperature of the content is stable in winter and summer. Otherwise, the iron will become very hot from the sun or cool in winter.
Particular attention is paid semi aviary. The urine of rabbits is very caustic, and therefore it eats away wood. Most often the floor is made of mesh. Sometimes stuffed lattice of wooden slats. So all bowel movements will flow down. It will be much easier to clean the cages, which means that the probability of the disease of rabbits becomes less.
In the manufacture of cages for decorative rabbits do not use the grid, because due to the lack of pads on the legs, they just can not sit for a long time on such a floor.
Utero add to the enclosures, if you plan to engage in breeding rabbits. It is in the queen cell that the female gives birth and nurses the baby rabbits. Only when they get stronger, she moves to the main room. The quality and quantity of offspring is influenced by the attached free-range enclosure, since the high mobility of individuals contributes to their reproduction.
The construction of Mikhailov is more complex enclosures suitable for a large farm. They are often used in industry, helping to significantly reduce labor costs. The construction of such an aviary is patented, it has automatic cleaning and feeding, heated queen cells. Most often it is a three-level house with a middle floor for feeding and the top floor for walking. To build it yourself is quite difficult, for this you need a good construction experience and significant financial costs.
Zolotukhin cells are easier to manufacture. Their main distinguishing feature is that the floor is made under the slope. It does not use the usual mesh, and plywood or slate. The grid is installed only at the very wall of the cell. According to studies, rabbits in 90% of cases relieve the need precisely at the walls. The design of Zolotukhin takes up little space, the cells in it are arranged in three rows of two. This saves both space and material for work. Such enclosures are well suited for keeping a large number of rabbits, for several individuals it is impractical to use them.
To save material and space, cells are made at least paired. For the base is taken the board with a length of 3 m by 0.7 m. So you can fit two compartments of 1.5 meters in length. These cell sizes are suitable for young or male individuals. For females enough and smaller. First of all, you need to prepare drawings with sizes based on tips and illustrations.
For the manufacture of this design you will need:
- 2 sheets of plywood (1, 5 by 1, 5 meters);
- 10 three-meter bars (30 to 50 mm);
- 3 m of mesh with 15 mm cells;
- screws and tools for work.
The size of the cells used in the grid should not exceed 20 mm, otherwise the rabbits will get stuck in them.
Before making a self-made aviary, many farmers advise treating the tree with antibacterial impregnation. It is worth choosing the safest compounds, as otherwise you can poison the animal. First of all, bars are made of bars with a height of 1.2 in front and 1 meter in back.
Then the floor is hemmed with mesh. Reaching the net to the edges is not necessary, there will be located the queen cells, and the floor in them is made without holes. The back wall is made of plywood, attached to the screws to the bars. Along the edges, too, are made from plywood queen cells. The ceiling in them is lowered a little so that they look more like a hole. In the side wall make a small manhole, with a diameter of 16 centimeters. Such a mother liquor can be made removable if desired.
In the center make the feeder. It is more convenient to divide it into two parts: for feed and for hay. The first is a tall box with a base-bowl. And the second. trapezoid box mesh.
The roof is made of plywood with lapings of 5-10 centimeters. You can make it in two parts, leaving a gap in the middle. It will be convenient to fill the feeders. Then make the door using the bars and the grid.
For the same step by step instructions, you can make a cage in two or three floors. But in this case, the roof is covered with some kind of protective material. For example, upholstered with sheet iron or polycarbonate. Then your rabbit house will last longer.
Making an open-air cage according to the Zolotukhin method is not much more difficult than constructing an ordinary cage. For this you will need:
- wooden bars;
- sheet iron;
An open-air cage will be built in the following sizes: 2 m wide, 1.5 m high, 80 cm deep. The slope of the floor is 5 centimeters, a 20-centimeter grid will be located at the back wall.
First, we build a similar frame for the aviary. In the middle we leave room for the sennik. But the floor, unlike an ordinary cell, is lined not with a mesh, but with durable slate. Do not forget to indent 20 centimeters from the back wall.
The rear walls are made of polycarbonate. They should be fixed at an angle so that the upper part of the wall is joined to the slate edge of the floor of the next floor. And at the highest tier it is straight. This scheme allows rabbit droppings to roll down the walls.
On the sides of the structure, similarly to the usual cage, closed queen cells are made. All the other walls and doors of the enclosure are made of mesh.
Feeding trough in the model Zolotukhina too difficult. It is inserted directly into the door and held on to the hinge-nails. Due to this, you can pour food and clean the feeder without opening the door. It takes about 2/3 of the width of the door. The outer wall of the feeder is twice as high as the inner.
No wonder that Zolotukhin’s cells have been very popular for a long time: they are easy to make and convenient to maintain.
Start building enclosures is best with the simplest option. Later, given the experience gained, you can move on to more complex structures, including the Mikhailov mini-farm.