The main topic of the article will be a rabbit cage. After all, the success of economic activity largely depends on the conditions of detention. Let’s talk about how to make a home for eared with their own hands. And also consider the main modifications of rabbit cells, the advantages and features of each of them. It will be a question not only of a design and the sizes of small houses, but also about what materials it is the best of all to use at their production.
The advantages of the cellular method of content
In all countries of the world, the cultivation of eared fish by the cellular method is the most popular. First of all, it is justified by the large number of advantages of this technology. The use of rabbit cages in the household allows rational use of feed and more precisely control the daily ration of each individual.
In addition, houses for rabbits are simply necessary for breeding. The use of this method itself excludes the random mating of animals.
Subject to the use of such a scheme of eagles, it is easier to resist infections and epidemics. Patients are much easier to identify at the initial stage of the disease. This allows you to immediately isolate them from the rest of the livestock and avoid a massive case. Rabbit cells greatly facilitate the process of vaccination of animals.
Skin and meat-skin directions are grown only in cages. This helps to minimize the likelihood of fighting and getting animals injured, resulting in damage to the precious skin.
Another significant advantage of keeping rabbits at home in this way is a moderate limitation of the physical activity of the animals, which has a positive effect on the growth rate of the young.
Next, consider what are the types and sizes of cells for rabbits.
There are several types of rabbit cells. And they are all used for breeding rabbits at home.
Having made the decision to seriously engage in breeding of Ushastik, one must have at its disposal several types of rabbit cages:
- for posterity with a rabbit;
- for fattening young stock;
- for breeding males;
- for adults.
You can make a house for the rabbit with your own hands, using the available materials and the simplest tools available in the workshop of each owner.
The cellular system for raising domestic rabbits can be implemented both indoors and outdoors. It all depends on the region of residence and the selected breed line.
Detailed description of types
A separate cage for the male rabbit is a necessity. Keeping adult same-sex animals in the same area is guaranteed to lead to fights. And heterosexuals – to uncontrolled mating.
The size of the cage for the male also matters. For example, if the dwelling is too tight, the crawl will move a little, and as a result obesity will begin. And the excess fat layer in the breeding individual is a weighty reason for culling.
A rabbit with offspring will need a large cage, necessarily consisting of two compartments – the main one and the main one. Street cages for rabbits with uterine compartment must be insulated. Kids are more vulnerable to negative temperatures.
Young rabbits, just laid out from the female, fit a roomy and spacious house. At the same time, it should not be too long, otherwise the period of fattening of young stock may be delayed due to the possibility of a lot of movement.
On the other hand, the size of the cage for rabbits should not limit the movement of animals too much. Otherwise, eared animals become inactive and grow fat.
Breeding females in the period of recovery and rest from reproduction can be kept together. Only at first it is necessary to observe whether there are any quarrels and fights between them. Otherwise, the bunnies are seated in separate houses.
Why do we need pallets
Rabbits – animals demanding conditions. If you breed usastik in dirt, they will be painful, weak, the meat and skins will turn out to be of poor quality.
If the rabbit cage has a solid floor, then it should be cleaned and the filler should be completely replaced at least once a day.
It is much more efficient to use pallets for rabbit cages. The best solution is a two-level floor. The first level is the flooring of wooden slats, with a gap between them of about 15 mm. The second level is a pallet into which food and waste will fall.
In any case, the house for the rabbit is not made with a solid floor, but with a lattice one. But metal meshes are not used as flooring because they cause injuries to the limbs of animals.
Most often, the pallets are made from solid galvanized iron sheets. Such material is durable and has an affordable cost. The design is recommended to do the following – the same angle of inclination on both sides and a gutter in the middle.
Not necessarily each house for rabbits is equipped with its own pallet. One chute can be used for the removal of waste from 2-3 compartments at once.
Periodically, the pallets will need to be cleaned and processed, so it is better to mount them on metal corners, allowing you to quickly remove and install the lower tier.
To extend the durability and endurance of the metal, it is recommended to treat it with linseed oil. The layer is updated with each cleaning. All joints of sheets are covered with bitumen mastic – the surface of the inclined parts of the pallet should be flat.
Further in the article we will look at how to make a cage for rabbits with your own hands, step-by-step instructions will help with this. And also, let’s deal with the size of houses for different breeding lines.
As mentioned earlier, in the manufacture of cages for rabbits, you need to take care of the comfort of animals. In this case, the dimensions and drawings of the future structure are important.
Making the cages for rabbits with your own hands, you need to memorize the established minimums of the area per adult. The optimal parameters of the house for an adult eared mouse are the following – width 60-70 cm, height – 60 cm, length 100 cm.
It should be borne in mind that these indicators are averaged. Some breed lines require more spacious apartments, and other types of rabbits can build smaller houses.
Consider the recommended parameters of cells, based on the direction of the breed:
On production farms, we recommend using modular cages for rabbits. The standard size of a single module is 2x2x1x7 m, including 10 uterine compartments. To simplify the process of servicing the boxes, each of them has a double bottom with a pull-out tray.
This modification of the industrial cell is considered the most convenient to use, but this is not the only option. Modules differ from stationary in that it is easy to add new designs to them as needed.
Further in the article we will discuss how to make cages and how to equip them properly, creating all the necessary conditions for rabbits.
Materials and tools
Before you build a cage for rabbits yourself, take care of the availability of consumables. For the construction will need a tree – parallel bars, slats, boards, sheets of plywood. Grid of galvanized metal wire with small cell sizes (2×2 cm), metal corners, material for decorating the roof (polycarbonate or slate).
All wooden parts should have good smooth edges. Uneven roughness can cause a rabbit injury.
Metal for the roof or walls to use in the manufacture of homes for domestic rabbits is not highly recommended, this material in the summer heat can be very hot.
In winter, on the contrary, the sheets of metal are very cold. In such conditions, rabbits become extremely uncomfortable, they start to hurt.
For convenience, we recommend to draw a diagram of the future design. The scale of the model should be reflected on the drawing, the dimensions of the model should be indicated, the doors and places for the installation of the feeder, the drinker and the gutter leading out the vital activity should be marked.
When the materials and cell drawings for rabbits are ready, it’s time to prepare the necessary tools:
- small saw or handsaw;
- large ruler or tape measure;
- screwdriver, if there is – a screwdriver;
- nails, screws;
- scissors for metal.
Next, we consider in detail how to make a cage for rabbits with your own hands.
Build a cage yourself
Building a house for Ushastik takes only a few hours of your time. Even if you do not have experience of such activities, the task will be feasible. Now let’s take a closer look at how to make cages for rabbits.
Using 4 wooden bars, make the basis of the future structure, according to the prepared dimensions. Now install him legs. The next two pairs of bars correspond to the height of the cage walls. Install them in the corners. Secure the entire structure with 4 more bars at the top.
Then cut the rectangles of galvanized mesh suitable size – it should completely close the middle of the front plane. Keep in mind that uterine cells are made deaf.
The back and side walls are best made of plywood. If you plan to organize the uterine compartments, they are fenced off from the rest of the plane with wooden slats and plywood. If necessary, break the structure into two main compartments using a wooden block.
The floor is made in two tiers, as described above. Then installed wooden or lattice doors and roofing.
The roof is best made of slate, which fits on the boards. Wood has a poor thermal conductivity, so even on the hottest days it will not get very hot.
As you can see, the construction scheme is extremely simple. If desired, you can immediately equip the house with simple feeders and drinkers. More information about their varieties can be found in the articles "On the feeders for rabbits" and "On drinking bowls for rabbits."
We care about the comfort of animals
In a cage made with your own hands according to the scheme described above, you can keep rabbits in the winter. But this is allowed only in regions where the air temperature extremely rarely drops below 20 degrees.
Additionally, the cell, built with his own hands, must be insulated. The side and back wall should not have cracks, drafts detrimental effect on rabbits. For a cold period, you can lay hay not only in the feeders, but also in the main compartment. It will also help keep warm.
More information about how to take care of eared ears in the winter can be found in the article “Is it possible to keep rabbits outside in the winter?”
Winter cells, in fact, are not much different from summer ones. But the home must necessarily have a slatted floor so that the urine immediately drains into the pan. In a damp room, animals will be much colder.
Also, the walls, doors and roof of winter roads can be insulated with foam or other material that helps maintain a comfortable temperature inside.
Cages for dwarf rabbits
The house for the decorative rabbit differs from the cage described above mainly only in size. A miniature rabbit does not need a large dwelling. Especially if the eared dog is accustomed to hands and it is often released to walk.
The first stage of construction is to mount a frame that has the following parameters:
- length – 100 cm;
- rear wall height – 50-60 cm;
- front wall height – 70 cm;
- width – 70 cm.
When assembling the frame, keep in mind that the optimal distance between the floor and the end of the back wall is 15 cm.
The floor of the cage can be solid or double (grid and pan). If the pet is kept indoors, the walls can be made of galvanized metal mesh. If on the street, then the side and back parts must be deaf, for example, from plywood.
As a result, we can say that in order to make the best cage for the dwarf eared animal, we will need the same materials and tools as in the construction of houses for ordinary rabbits. It will differ only in size.
Making a cage for rabbits from scrap materials, pay attention to those items that you have next. For example, old pipes can be used as supports. And as the insulation fit the remnants of plywood, boards or slate, which were not in demand after the repair of the house. Using suitable items, you will not only make a house for your pets, but also save on the budget.
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